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It’s No More Politically Proper Become A Christian In The Us
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Image by Big Gray Mare
My better half, Jake, are going to be 83 years of age in December, in which he can rememebr a time whenever our nation was one individuals who worked together for it’s good, plus the good of each other. Current events in Washington truly upset him, as he watches all he once knew and adored and thought in-being destroyed. He published these about 4 many years or so ago, as his sarcastic answer to the issues we had been facing after that, and then he asked me to post it "all throughout the internet", because he believes these solutions would apply today additionally. Anyhow…here’s Jake:

The “Cash 4 Clunkers” system appears to have been rather successful – at the very least as far as stimulating new vehicle product sales is concerned. However, a lot of the trade-ins were sound, quality, late-model pickups and SUV’s that dropped just below the fuel consumption restriction (because they certainly were big and hefty, and were geared consequently). Therefore the new cars that have been purchased included numerous hybrids that operate on batteries, hype, and hope. Will the purchasers actually pay for them? Additionally the so-called clunker trade-ins had been being totally destroyed–deliberately reduced to trash. Is it right? And many local automobile dealers have however to receive one red cent for the 00 assured for each of the piles of metallic junk. Actually, the entire Cash-4-Clunkers stimulation system ended up being terminated, before numerous dealers being compensated such a thing.

Obviously, hardly any money because of this, or other national program, must originate from an empty treasury. What exactly else is brand-new? If you were to sweep and vacuum all of the bare vaults at Fort Knox, you could produce sufficient gold-dust to make one tiny wedding band. But, why bother? Marriage rings tend to be outdated anyway. But promised repayment from federal government sponsored programs apparently work just fine. With this in mind—why perhaps not begin a tax reimbursement program? Handled properly, it may sponsor the maximum consumerism explosion within the reputation for the whole world.

It might work such as this: Every taxpayer in the U.S. would-be entitled to a ,000 reimbursement. Every person avove the age of 10 will be considered a taxpayer and therefore eligible. Since those under 10 try not to generally spend their own money—they would be excluded. We spend income tax, product sales tax, property income tax, gas tax, liquor taxation, tobacco taxation, poll tax, pole taxation, import tax, value-added tax, syntax, sin tax, excise taxation, deluxe taxation, and numerous various other taxes—too taxing to remember. Even unlawful immigrants spend taxes. Considering newest census information, there are 258,694,227 folks older than 10 in U.S. who would qualify for a ,000 reimbursement.

The taxation refund system would begin in October, however it usually takes some time to process the applications. However, since everyone is qualified and promised ,000 by our benevolent government—they begin investing instantly. People give tasks and vouchers to their expected checks. Credit cards growth. Property product sales go through the roof. Developers, technicians, and designers get crazy. Retail sales zoom. The economic growth is from the charts. Banks loan on maximum. However, there clearly was a downside.

The Tax Refund To People in america Program (or T-R-A-P)—as with every federal program—requires significant paperwork. Actually, the T-R-A-P application is 877 pages, and weighs in at 18 pounds 12 ounces. The U.S. Postal Service screams. Tree Huggers, Inc. goes crazy if they recognize the number of national woodlands expected to create that amount of paper—not even considering the lots of of lumber used in housing/construction growth. Al Gore involves Capitol Hill screaming that Nobel additionally created T.N.T. The T-R-A-P snaps shut. Not merely one dime is paid on American taxpayers—yet the economic climate is booming. The tax reimbursement program ends prior to xmas and our wonderful federal government gets control every bank in America in January. Hitler cannot have done it any better.

The two various other significant issues—health treatment and national debt—could be resolved just like quickly. Since our present nationwide government appears to be operating when you look at the Communist-Fascist-Socialist New World Order format – the reason why have they not seen such a facile option right available? It really is Social Protection. Correctly used, personal Security responses the majority of our health treatment and cash woes. It really is so easy, also young people understand most of the aspects. Indeed, many younger Americans can be knowledgeable.

Most younger Us americans know very well what Tweetie-Bird had for breakfast and where Goldi-locks itches. In addition they know that Michael Jackson’s circulatory system included 52percent medications and bleach and just 48per cent genuine blood. And every younger person understands that 40 is old, 50 is actually old, 60 is old, and 65 is ridiculous. & Most people in America – both old and young – realize that our existing personal security measures is considered the most huge Ponzi system ever. Younger folks won’t get a penny of whatever they contribute. So just why wait? You will want to cut-off all payouts from personal protection today? Money will come in, but absolutely nothing fades. Everybody over 65 is eliminated. All their possessions visit big government; and then we can then pay off the national debt, loan money to Asia and Brazil, and underwrite the Euro. SS Agents, definitely, will supervise. Social safety will become the answer rather than the issue.

The total assets of this senior in the usa is a mind-boggling quantity, surpassing the connected wealth of 158 poorer countries internationally. People in Congress (under 65, definitely) can divide-up condos, mansions, properties, etc.– but just one each. Because so many older individuals have resources stashed in off-shore banks, SS soldiers will soon be delivered to seize these reports — combined with the financial institutions and Caribbean Islands in which these are generally located. Everyone knows why these countries should are part of America anyhow.

Numerous tasks are created. Hawaiian document forgers are overrun with sales for delivery certificates showing more recent beginning dates. And, needless to say, numerous jobs become available to develop and operate the Senior Serenity System — something which gets rid of a senior’s aches, discomforts, concerns, and confusion forever. Each facility is made of a rather big caldron, capable of keeping 1000 seniors, a forge furnace, and a conveyer through a tunnel. SS representatives with pitchforks maintain the conveyer operating smoothly. Plentiful corn oil, unused for ethanol, can be used the boiling-in-oil procedure. Regarding 2nd day, the heat achieves 2,200 degrees — then it’s allowed to cool. On the 4th time, funeral parlor employees arrive at skim off burial containers, before any tastes tend to be added. Cinnamon, lemon-lime, and chili all seem to work; however the original “Granny” flavor is by far the most popular – whether for Fido and Rover in “Bow-Wow Chow” or George and Larry in “Wham-Bam Spam”. The menu of brand new tasks and other good implications continues as well as on.

Alaska Caldron # 3 could possibly be built at the conclusion of the Bridge to Nowhere. Video of SS representatives with pitchforks, keeping purchase on a conveyer, can be purchased to evangelists, and therefore are shown on large displays at revivals. Since griping, grouching, frowning, and bitching are not any longer permitted – SS agents enforce our delight. Yippee!

Whilst the elderly vanish, the typical health of this populace improves significantly. Actually, Alzheimer’s hardly ever appears after all, and Erectile Dysfunction becomes relatively uncommon. Assisted living facilities can now take-in the homeless. There is absolutely no even more Medicare or Medicaid. Hospitals today compete, making use of reduced prices. Doctors will need to work for reasonable wages. For example, a normal MD will get twice the minimum-wage. Surgeons get 3 times minimum wage, therefore the Surgeon General gets a whopping 4 times the minimum wage. How can it be anymore fair. Also, it really is discovered that swine flu is a by-product of excessive congressional pork distribute all over the united states – which will be corrected just like shortly as pigs fly. Thank you for visiting this new America!

Jake Von Canon

Please feel free to send to everyone you realize, ever knew, or never understood.

Piano on pier, Jun 2011 – 52
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Image by Ed Yourdon
Another few, another puppy. In history is the nj-new jersey shoreline…

Note: this picture had been published in a Feb 6, 2012 blog site entitled "25 Great Date some ideas for you personally plus Man." Also it was posted in a Jul 2, 2012 blog site entitled "Education, wealth while the place your home is can impact your weight."

Moving into 2013, the photo was published in an Aug 31, 2013 Austin musical Photos weblog with the exact same name and detailed records that I experienced written on this Flickr page.

Moving into 2014, the photo had been published in a Sep 30, 2014 weblog entitled "The 15 Most Readily Useful Cities For Partners." It absolutely was additionally published in a Dec 31, 2014 blog titled "Paying Off Your Spouse’s Financial Obligation Is Nearly Constantly A Poor Idea."

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Many years ago, British artist Luke Jerram created the intriguing notion of dispersing pianos across the town, with an open invite for anyone nearby to walk up and begin playing some thing. Everything. He started in London, and afterwards introduced his festival (known as "Play me personally, I’m Yours") for some 19 metropolitan areas worldwide — including Moscow, Sydney, São Paulo, Barcelona, Bristol, Bath, Birmingham, Cincinnati, San Jose, and Pécs — before coming to nyc in June 2010. Sixty pianos were donated, painted, and "installed" for the five boroughs of New York; and during a period of a couple of weeks, I managed to check out every single one of them (with the exception of two pianos in Queens, which have been vandalized and eliminated before i really could arrive at all of them) and photographed all of them in our Flickr set.

I experienced these types of a great time using the nyc pianos that I examined Luke’s website sporadically to see just what plans he’d for 2011. Along with programs for Geneva, Adelaide, also locations, he scheduled a festival in Austin, TX the thirty days of April, information on which you can see at this website. There have been just 14 pianos in Austin, numerous found over the lake that works through the center associated with town. As with New York, approximately 2/3 of these had been sitting empty and alone when I reached all of them — so there had been only five pianos in which i really could actually hear folks playing music. Per of those five, we made movie recordings; there is all of them on our Internet site.

I wondered whether Luke would be bringing his piano festival back into nyc again in 2011, but another type of group made a decision to jump in first, with a somewhat much more ambitious task: in place of 60 pianos, they placed 88 pianos around the town. The project is called "Sing for Hope"; it acknowledges it was impressed by Luke Jerram, also it promises become the "world’s biggest street piano set up up to now, and it is expected to achieve over two million folks."

The task’s web web site has actually a map showing where all 88 pianos have-been placed, and I decided immediately that it was far more than i really could desire to tackle. Sixty pianos this past year was hard enough; which 12 months, there are twelve just in Staten Island alone, and of course the dozens of various other ones scattered throughout New york, Queens, Brooklyn, and Bronx. Sheesh! So, at least for the time being, i have limited my visits to one piano — the one that’s positioned relatively near to where we stay, and another that i recall from just last year’s event to be very picturesque, situated at the end of a pier that runs out to the Hudson River, at 70th Street regarding Upper West Side of Manhattan.

Clearly, the pier was not built as a showcase when it comes to "Sing for Hope" piano; it absolutely was in fact built by Donald Trump’s real-estate kingdom back 2000, on top of a classic wooden pier which was built a hundred years ago when freighters and barges unloaded their cargo all across the west side of Manhattan. Whenever shipping faded when you look at the 1950s and a few major railroads collapsed into personal bankruptcy, the pier fell into disuse and decay; it was further damaged by an enormous fire in 1971. I recall running right out to the end of the pier into the mid-70s once I existed on Riverside Drive, wondering each and every time whether I became planning operate onto a rotting plank and descend to the river below, not to be heard from once again… But all of that was a long time ago, yet again the new pier is here now for everybody to take pleasure from, nobody recalls the annals.

Therefore … this Flickr set contains some pictures of piano in its devoted place, including a couple of brief movies of numerous New Yorkers playing whatever songs appeals to them. There have been all brand new Yorkers, and perhaps various visitors and tourists, who had no interest in the piano, but which just desired to enjoy the weather and the terrific view down and up the lake; I photographed a lot of them also. In the river, there have been barges and tugboats, kayaks and jet-skis, sailboats and yachts … and two quite amazing ships I’ve previously seen, flying an American banner with a huge "Gay Pride" flag that looked big enough to wrap around the complete ship.

Altogether, it absolutely was a great way to spend a couple of hours on a warm Sunday mid-day. And these pictures are going to be uploaded over a three-day vacation week-end when there will be an even much better excuse to hustle down seriously to the pier to pay a couple of hours: the annual Fourth of July fireworks show. If you’re down truth be told there, look around for a crazy man with a camera: it might be me.

Q2 2008 Bank Card Offers
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Image by jcarter
These are all of our bank card offers from April through June 2008. The very first quarter letters tend to be right here:

flickr.com/photos/jcarter/2398075003/

It looks like my attempts to opt-out associated with the provides tend to be paying off; we only got 13 letters this quarter, down from 30 last one-fourth.

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45/365 Strange Problems
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Image by svenstorm
Day 45 of 365

I’m nevertheless waiting for my 0 eco boost check from George W. i’ve this worry that i’ll be some of those those who fall through the cracks and never get a check because really getting passed 0 appears too-good to be real. I wish I could state I had some thing awesome that the 600 is going towards, or at the least towards a vaccation or something like that, but truly, it really is most likely all going towards paying off a credit card. And maybe Guitar Hero.

Read me the page infant, cannot exclude the words.
Tales and cigarettes destroyed resides of lower girls and I also wanna know..
Cos i really want you to know…
And it’s an unusual problem
Each day in prison, it’s got me personally regarding my mind and I also do not know the things I emerged for…

Odd Conditions – Pete Yorn

most useful credit card bill EVAR! (298/365)
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Image by reallyboring
Cannot make much cash recharging 27.5percent on a zero balance, could you, assholes?

Banksy in Boston: Portrait from the F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED piece on Essex St, Chinatown, Boston

Banksy in Boston: Portrait from the F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED piece on Essex St, Chinatown, Boston

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Banksy in Boston: Portrait through the F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED piece on Essex St, Chinatown, Boston
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Image by Chris Devers
Interestingly, each of the Boston area Banksy pieces are on Essex St:

F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED (aka chimney brush) in Chinatown, Boston
NO LOITRIN in Central Square, Cambridge.

Does which means that anything? It seems like he prefers Essex named streets & roadways as he can. In 2008, he performed another notable Essex work in London, as an example, and posters on Banksy Forums acquired & talked about from the Essex website link aswell.

Will there be an Essex Street in any of the other nearby cities? It seems like there are several: Brookline, Charlestown, Chelsea, Gloucester, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynn, Medford, Melrose, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Swampscott, and Waltham. These types of appear improbable for me, besides perhaps Brookline, or maybe Somerville or Charlestown. Nonetheless they start getting pretty residential district after that.

But, again, why "Essex"? In an opinion72157624085782412″>comment on our photo, Birbeck helps simplify:

I will only surmise that he’s having a ‘dig’ at Essex UK, especially utilizing the misspelling of ‘Loitering’. Right here, the typical view of metropolitan districts in Essex: working class however with right-wing views; that they’re maybe not probably the most intellectual lot; instead enthusiastic about manner (really, their particular concept of it); their host to worship is the plaza; enjoy rowdy nights out; girls are thought of to be foolish, phony blonde hair/tans and promiscuous; and men are great in the ‘chit chat’, and swagger around showing their particular dosh (money).

It had been additionally the location that when had Europe’s biggest Ford engine factory. With its heyday, 1 in 3 British cars were manufactured in Dagenham, Essex. Pay ended up being good-for such unskilled labour, years worked mind-numbing routines on installation outlines for 80 years. In 2002 the recession finished the dream.

• • • • •

This picture appeared on Grafitti – A arte das ruas on Yahoo Meme. Yes, Yahoo has actually a Tumblr/Posterous-esque "Meme" service now — I happened to be because astonished as you are.

• • • • •

Banksy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name
Unknown

Produced
1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975), Bristol, UK[1]

Nationality
British

Industry
Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture

Activity
Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism

Works
Naked Man Picture
One Nation Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone’s Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is thought to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to were born in 1974,[5] but their identity is as yet not known.[6] According to Tristan Manco[who?], Banksy "was produced in 1974 and increased in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he taught as a butcher but became involved in graffiti throughout the great Bristol aerosol growth associated with the belated 1980s."[7] their artworks in many cases are satirical pieces of art on subjects such as politics, culture, and ethics. Their street art, which integrates graffiti composing with an exceptional stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, which began to use stencils in 1981 in Paris and people in the anarcho-punk band Crass just who maintained a graffiti stencil promotion in the London Tube program when you look at the late 1970s and very early 1980s. Their art has actually starred in towns and cities internationally.[8] Banksy’s work came to be out of the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between music artists and musicians.

Banksy doesn’t sell pictures of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers were known to attempt to sell their road art on location and then leave the situation of their removal in the possession of associated with winning bidder.[10]

Banksy’s very first movie, Exit through Gift store, billed as "the earth’s first road art catastrophe movie", made its debut in the 2010 Sundance movie Festival.[11] the movie was released in britain on March 5.[12]

Items

1 Career
•• 1.1 2000
•• 1.2 2002
•• 1.3 2003
•• 1.4 2004
•• 1.5 2005
•• 1.6 2006
•• 1.7 2007
•• 1.8 2008
•• 1.9 2009
•• 1.10 2010
2 Notable art pieces
3 Technique
4 identification
5 Controversy
6 Bibliography
7 References
8 exterior links

Profession

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol’s DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] he had been motivated by regional artists along with his work ended up being part of the bigger Bristol underground scene. From the beginning he utilized stencils as components of their freehand pieces, also.[14] By 2000 he had considered the skill of stencilling after realising exactly how much a shorter time it took to complete a bit. He promises he changed to stencilling whilst he was concealing from police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] by using this system, he soon became more widely seen for their art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil from the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment ship in central Bristol – (wider view). The image of Death is founded on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy’s stencils feature striking and entertaining images sometimes coupled with slogans. The message is generally anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Topics often feature rats, monkeys, policemen, soldiers, children, therefore the senior.

In belated 2001, on a holiday to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he met with the Gen-X pastellist, aesthetic activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay[clarification needed], where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes peg on its nostrils above a toilet in the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil cannot be located. He also makes stickers (the Neighbourhood Watch subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and had been responsible for the address art of Blur’s 2003 record Think Tank.

2000

The record album address for Monk & Canatella‘s Do Community Service had been conceived and illustrated by Banksy, predicated on their share to the "Walls on fire" event in Bristol 1998.[18][citation needed]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy’s first la convention debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a tiny Silverlake location possessed by Frank Sosa. The exhibition, entitled Existencilism, had been curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in an event known as Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on creatures. Even though RSPCA declared the conditions suitable, an animal legal rights activist chained by herself to the railings in protest.[20] He later moved on to creating subverted paintings; one of these is Monet‘s Water Lily Pond, adapted to include metropolitan detritus eg litter and a shopping trolley floating in its reflective oceans; another is Edward Hopper‘s Nighthawks, redrawn to exhibit that characters will be looking at a British soccer hooligan, dressed only in his Union Flag underpants, that has only tossed an object through glass window of cafe. These oil paintings had been shown at a twelve-day convention in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a volume of spoof British £10 notes substituting the image of the Queen’s mind with Princess Diana‘s mind and changing the writing "Bank of England" to "Banksy of England." Someone put a large wad of the into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to spend in local shops. These records had been also provided with invitations to a Santa’s Ghetto convention by Pictures on Walls. The patient notes have since already been attempting to sell on eBay for approximately £200 each. A wad of records were in addition tossed over a fence and in to the audience near the NME signing tent within learning Festival. A finite run of 50 signed posters containing ten uncut records had been additionally produced and offered by Pictures on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these brilliant offered in October 2007 at Bonhams auction home in London for £24,000.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a holiday towards the Palestinian regions, developed nine photos on Israel’s very questionable West Bank barrier. He apparently said "The Israeli federal government is creating a wall surrounding the busy Palestinian territories. It stands 3 times the level of this Berlin Wall and certainly will fundamentally operate for over 700km—the distance from London to Zurich. "[22]

2006

• Banksy presented a convention known as Barely Legal, billed as a "three day vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, from the weekend of 16 September. The event featured a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
• After Christina Aguilera bought a genuine of Queen Victoria as a lesbian as well as 2 images for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a collection of Kate Moss paintings offered in Sotheby’s London for £50,400, establishing an auction record for Banksy’s work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted into the model of Andy Warhol‘s Marilyn Monroe images, offered for five times their particular approximated worth. His stencil of an eco-friendly Mona Lisa with genuine paint leaking from her eyes offered for £57,600 on exact same auction.[25]
• In December, journalist Max Foster coined the expression, "the Banksy Effect", to show how fascination with other road performers had been developing from the straight back of Banksy’s success.[26]

2007

• On 21 February 2007, Sotheby’s auction residence in London auctioned three works, achieving the highest ever price for a Banksy work on auction: over £102,000 for his Bombing center The united kingdomt. Two of their other graffiti works, Balloon woman and Bomb Hugger, marketed for £37,200 and £31,200 correspondingly, of well above their approximated costs.[27] Listed here day’s auction saw an additional three Banksy works reach soaring rates: Ballerina With Action Man Parts reached £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all considerably above determined values.[28] To coincide using the second day of deals, Banksy updated their internet site with a brand new picture of an auction house scene showing individuals bidding on a picture that said, "I Can’t Believe You Morons purchase This Shit."[6]
• In February 2007, the people who own a home with a Banksy mural on the side in Bristol decided to sell your house through Red Propeller art gallery after provides fell through because potential purchasers wanted to remove the mural. It’s detailed as a mural which comes with a residence affixed.[29]
• In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy’s iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino‘s Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas rather than firearms. Even though the picture ended up being quite popular, Transport for London reported the "graffiti" produced "a basic environment of neglect and personal decay which often encourages crime" and their staff tend to be "professional cleaners not expert art critics".[30] Banksy tagged equivalent web site again (pictured at right). Now the actors were portrayed as holding real firearms in place of bananas, nevertheless they were adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this second Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute ended up being for 19-year-old British graffiti singer Ozone, who had been hit by an underground train in Barking, East London, alongside fellow singer wishes, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece was of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also typed an email on their site, saying:

The very last time we struck this area we painted a crap image of two guys in banana costumes waving hand firearms. A couple weeks later on a journalist called Ozone entirely dogged it and then blogged ‘if it is much better next time we’ll keep it’ into the bottom spot. As soon as we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and also as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone – sleep in peace.[citation required]

Ozone’s Angel

• On 27 April 2007, a new record extreme when it comes to purchase of Banksy’s work ended up being set aided by the auction regarding the work Space Girl & Bird fetching £288,000 (US6,000), around 20 times the estimation at Bonhams of London.[32]
• On 21 May 2007 Banksy gained the prize for Art’s Greatest residing Briton. Banksy, as you expected, would not turn up to get his honor, and continued with his notoriously private standing.
• On 4 Summer 2007, it had been stated that Banksy’s The Drinker was indeed stolen.[33][34]
• In October 2007, almost all of their works provided for sale at Bonhams auction house in London marketed for longer than twice their particular book price.[35]

• Banksy has posted a "manifesto" on his web site.[36] the writing associated with the manifesto is paid because the diary entry of one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, that is exhibited in Imperial War Museum. It describes just how a shipment of lipstick towards the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp soon after its liberation at the conclusion of World War II aided the internees regain their particular mankind. However, at the time of 18 January 2008, Banksy’s Manifesto has been substituted with Graffiti Heroes #03 that defines Peter Chappell’s graffiti pursuit associated with the 1970s that worked to free George Davis of their imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he had been relying on Emo Phillips’ "When I had been a youngster I always pray every night for a bike. I quickly realised God does not work by doing this, thus I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
• A small number of Banksy’s works can be seen into the movie Children of Men, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a child looking down a shop.
• in 2007 film Shoot ‘Em Up featuring Clive Owen, Banksy’s tag is visible on a dumpster when you look at the movie’s credits.
• Banksy, whom deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, promises that the event at Vanina Holasek Gallery in New York (his very first significant event for the reason that town) is unauthorised. The event featured 62 of his paintings and images.[38]

2008

• In March, a stencilled graffiti work showed up on Thames liquid tower in the middle of the Holland Park roundabout, and it also ended up being extensively caused by Banksy. It was of a kid painting the tag "Take this Society" in brilliant orange. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and purchased its immediate removal, which was completed by H&F council workmen within 3 days.[39]
• on the week-end 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an exhibition known as The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel previously used by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo place. Graffiti musicians and artists with stencils had been welcomed to participate in and decorate their own artwork, so long as it don’t cover other people’s.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, natural evil, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation required]
• In late August 2008, establishing the next anniversary of Hurricane Katrina plus the associated levee failure catastrophe, Banksy produced a few works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on structures derelict since the catastrophe.[41]
• A stencil artwork caused by Banksy appeared at a vacant petrol place within the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the newest Orleans location. The painting depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose was quickly covered with black squirt paint and later eliminated completely.[42]
• their very first official convention in New York, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," opened 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets into the store screen include a mother hen seeing over her infant Chicken McNuggets as they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit placing makeup on in a mirror.[43]
• The Westminster City Council stated in October 2008 the work "One Nation Under CCTV", coated in April 2008 are going to be coated over because it’s graffiti. The council states it will probably eliminate any graffiti, regardless of the reputation of its creator, and particularly reported that Banksy "has no more straight to color graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the president of council preparation committee informed The circumstances paper: "If we condone this then we would as well state that any child with a spray can is making art". [44] the task ended up being painted over in April 2009.
• In December 2008, The Little Diver, a Banksy picture of a diver in a duffle layer in Melbourne Australian Continent had been vandalised. The picture ended up being protected by a sheet of clear perspex, however silver paint was poured behind the safety sheet and soon after tagged aided by the words "Banksy woz ere". The image had been virtually entirely destroyed.[45].

2009

• May 2009, components business with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the control service which act on his behalf is the only point of purchase for brand new works.
• On 13 June 2009, the Banksy British summertime show established at Bristol City Museum and memorial, featuring more than 100 pieces of art, including animatronics and installments; its their biggest exhibition yet, featuring 78 brand-new works.[47][48] Reaction to the program had been positive, with over 8,500 people to the program from the very first weekend.[49] during the period of the twelve weeks, the event has-been visited over 300,000 times.[50]
• In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family had been partly damaged by Hackney Council when they served an enforcement notice for graffiti reduction on previous target for the property owner. The mural was in fact commissioned the 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" as well as the house owner, that has permitted the piece is coated, ended up being reported to have experienced tears whenever she saw it was becoming painted over.[51]
• In December 2009, Banksy marked the termination of the 2009 us Climate Change meeting by painting four murals on international warming. One included "I do not rely on global warming" that has been submerged in liquid.[52]

2010

• the entire world premiere associated with film Exit through Gift Shop took place on Sundance movie Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He developed 10 road pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie in utilizing the testing.[53]
• In February, The Whitehouse community household in Liverpool, England, is sold for £114,000 at auction.[54] the medial side of building features an image of a huge rat by Banksy.[55]
• In April 2010, Melbourne City Council in Australian Continent stated that they’d inadvertently bought personal contractors to color throughout the last staying Banksy art into the city. The picture was of a rat descending in a parachute adorning the wall of a classic council building behind the Forum Theatre. In 2008 Vandals had poured paint over a stencil of an old-fashioned diver wearing a trenchcoat. A council spokeswoman states they’d now rush through retrospective permits to protect various other “famous or significant artworks” in the town.[56]
• In April 2010 to coincide with the premiere of Exit through Gift Shop in San Francisco, 5 of his pieces appeared in parts of this town.[57] Banksy apparently paid a Chinatown building owner for the utilization of their wall for just one of their stencils.[58]
• In May 2010 to coincide with the launch of "Exit Through the present Shop" in Chicago, one-piece starred in the town.

Notable art pieces

Besides his artwork, Banksy features advertised duty for many visible art pieces, like the following:

• At London Zoo, he climbed into the penguin enclosure and painted "We’re annoyed of fish" in seven foot high letters.[59]
• At Bristol Zoo, he left the message ‘Needs aside. This spot is simply too cool. Keeper smells. Boring, boring, boring.’ within the elephant enclosure.[60]
• In March 2005, he put subverted artworks in the Museum of contemporary Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, together with American Museum of All-natural History in nyc.[61]
• He post a subverted painting in London’s Tate Britain gallery.
• In May 2005 Banksy’s version of an ancient cave painting depicting a human figure shopping wildlife whilst pressing a shopping trolley had been hung in gallery 49 for the British Museum, London. Upon discovery, they included it to their permanent collection.[62]

Near Bethlehem – 2005

• Banksy has sprayed "This is not a photo opportunity" on particular photo places.
• In August 2005, Banksy painted nine images on the Israeli western Bank buffer, including an image of a ladder going up and on the wall and a graphic of kids searching a hole through the wall surface.[22][63][64][65]

See additionally: Other Banksy works on the Israeli western Bank buffer

• In April 2006, Banksy developed a sculpture predicated on a crumpled red phone package with a pickaxe in its part, apparently hemorrhaging, and put it in a street in Soho, London. it had been later on eliminated by Westminster Council. BT circulated a press launch, which stated: "This is a stunning visual discuss BT’s change from an old-fashioned telecommunications business into a contemporary communications solutions supplier."[66]
• In Summer 2006, Banksy developed a graphic of a naked man chilling out of a bed room screen on a wall visible from Park Street in main Bristol. The image sparked some controversy, with the Bristol City Council leaving it up to the public to decide whether or not it should remain or go.[67] After an internet discussion for which 97% (all but 6 men and women) supported the stencil, the city council decided it would be left regarding the building.[67] The mural was later on defaced with paint.[67]
• In August/September 2006, Banksy replaced to 500 copies of Paris Hilton‘s debut CD, Paris, in 48 various British record stores together with very own cover art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Songs songs received games eg "the reason why in the morning I known?", "What Have I Done?" and "just what Am I For?". A number of copies for the CD were bought by the general public before shops had the ability to take them off, some going on is sold for up to £750 on on line auction sites eg eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally changed appearing topless. Other photographs function her with your pet dog’s head replacing her own, and one of the woman stepping out of an extra car, edited to add a group of homeless folks, which included the caption "90per cent of success is showing up".[68][69][70]
• In September 2006, Banksy dressed an expansive doll in how of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black colored hood, and handcuffs) and then placed the figure in the Big Thunder hill Railroad trip during the Disneyland theme playground in Anaheim, Ca.[71][72]

Strategy

Inquired about his strategy, Banksy said:

“i personally use whatever needs doing. Often that simply suggests attracting a moustache on a girl’s face on some billboard, occasionally this means sweating for days over an intricate design. Performance is key.[73]

Stencils tend to be typically hand attracted or imprinted onto sheets of acetate or card, before being cut-out manually. Due to the secretive nature of Banksy’s work and identity, it really is unsure just what strategies he uses to create the pictures inside the stencils, though it is assumed he utilizes computers for some photos as a result of the photocopy nature of most of his work.

He mentions inside the guide, Wall and section, that while he was starting to do graffiti, he had been constantly too slow and was either caught or could never finish the art inside one sitting. Therefore he devised a few intricate stencils to minimise time and overlapping for the color.

Identity

Banksy’s genuine name happens to be widely reported becoming Robert or Robin Banks.[74][75][76] their year of delivery was provided as 1974.[62]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian infinite is one of the few people to have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and Brit rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year old male which arrived wearing jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver sequence, and one silver earring".[77] In the same interview, Banksy unveiled that their moms and dads believe their particular son is a painter and decorator.[77]

In May 2007, a comprehensive article authored by Lauren Collins for the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy citing a 2004 photo associated with musician that has been used Jamaica throughout the Two-Culture Clash project and soon after published into the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story on BBC web site featured a photo allegedly taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to exhibit Banksy at the office with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The story verifies that Tower Hamlets Council in London features chose to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and take away them.[78]

In July 2008, it absolutely was advertised by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy’s real name’s Robin Gunningham.[3][79] their representative features refused to ensure or deny these reports.

In-may 2009, the Mail on Sunday once again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat holding an indicator using term "Gunningham" shot on it ended up being photographed in East London.[80] This "new Banksy rat" tale has also been obtained by The Times[81] therefore the Evening Standard.

Banksy, himself, says on their internet site:

“i’m unable to comment on whom may or might not be Banksy, but any person called being ‘good at attracting’ does not sound like Banksy in my opinion.[82]

Controversy

In 2004, Banksy walked in to the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a photo he previously painted resembling the Mona Lisa but with a yellow smiley face. Although the artwork was hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its particular counterpart, temporarily on unknown show on Tate Britain, were explained by Banksy as "shortcuts". He could be quoted as saying:

“To really [have to] feel the procedure for having a painting chosen should be quite dull. It is a lot more fun going and place your own personal one-up.[83]

Peter Gibson, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s tasks are simple vandalism,[84] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same company, had been quoted as saying: "we’re worried that Banksy’s road art glorifies what is really vandalism".[6]

In Summer 2007 Banksy developed a circle of synthetic portable toilets, thought to look like Stonehenge within Glastonbury Festival. Since this was in similar industry as the "sacred circle" it had been felt by many people to-be unsuitable along with his set up ended up being it self vandalized ahead of the event even launched. However, the purpose had always been for individuals to climb up on and connect to it.[citation required] The installation was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn’t keen on it, and the portaloos had been eliminated ahead of the 2008 event.

This season, an artistic feud created between Banksy and his rival King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece on finance companies of London’s Regent Canal. In retaliation a number of Banksy pieces in London have now been painted over by ‘Team Robbo’.[85][86]

Additionally this season, government employees unintentionally painted over a Banksy art piece, a famous "parachuting-rat" stencil, in Australian Continent’s Melbourne CBD. [87]

Bibliography

Banksy has actually self-published several publications that contain pictures of their work with numerous countries as well as a few of their fabric work and events, accompanied by their own writings:

• Banksy, Banging the head Against a solid wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
• Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
• Banksy, Cut it Out (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
• Banksy, Wall and section (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
• Banksy, photos of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random House published Wall and section in 2005. It has a variety of images from his three earlier books, along with newer and more effective material.[16]

Two books authored by others on their work were posted in 2006 & 2007:

• Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: an accumulation Graffiti stores and Photographs in London (2006 – with brand-new versions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
• Steve Wright, Banksy’s Bristol: Residence nice Home (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

Exterior backlinks

certified site
Banksy road work photographs

Bank card paid off!
pay off bank card
Image by jennifermackenziejones

Banksy in Boston: Information of the NO LOITRIN item on Essex St in Central Square, Cambridge

Banksy in Boston: Information of the NO LOITRIN item on Essex St in Central Square, Cambridge

A few nice pay off credit card images I found:

Banksy in Boston: Detail of the NO LOITRIN piece on Essex St in Central Square, Cambridge
pay off credit card
Image by Chris Devers
Interestingly, both of the Boston area Banksy pieces are on Essex St:

F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED (aka chimney sweep) in Chinatown, Boston
NO LOITRIN in Central Square, Cambridge.

Does that mean anything? It looks like he favors Essex named streets & roads when he can. In 2008, he did another notable Essex work in London, for example, and posters on the Banksy Forums picked up & discussed on the Essex link as well.

Is there an Essex Street in any of the other nearby towns? It looks like there are several: Brookline, Charlestown, Chelsea, Gloucester, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynn, Medford, Melrose, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Swampscott, and Waltham. Most of these seem improbable to me, other than maybe Brookline, or maybe Somerville or Charlestown. But they start getting pretty suburban after that.

But, again, why "Essex"? In a comment on this photo, Birbeck helps clarify:

I can only surmise that he’s having a ‘dig’ at Essex UK, especially with the misspelling of ‘Loitering’. Here, the general view of the urban districts in Essex: working class but with right wing views; that they’re not the most intellectual bunch; rather obsessed with fashion (well, their idea of it); their place of worship is the shopping mall; enjoy rowdy nights out; girls are thought of as being dumb, fake blonde hair/tans and promiscuous; and guys are good at the ‘chit chat’, and swagger around showing off their dosh (money).

It was also the region that once had Europe’s largest Ford motor factory. In its heyday, 1 in 3 British cars were made in Dagenham, Essex. Pay was good for such unskilled labour, generations worked mind-numbing routines on assembly lines for 80 years. In 2002 the recession ended the dream.

• • • • •

Banksy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name
Unknown

Born
1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975), Bristol, UK[1]

Nationality
British

Field
Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture

Movement
Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism

Works
Naked Man Image
One Nation Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone’s Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is believed to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to have been born in 1974,[5] but his identity is unknown.[6] According to Tristan Manco[who?], Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he trained as a butcher but became involved in graffiti during the great Bristol aerosol boom of the late 1980s."[7] His artworks are often satirical pieces of art on topics such as politics, culture, and ethics. His street art, which combines graffiti writing with a distinctive stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris and members of the anarcho-punk band Crass who maintained a graffiti stencil campaign on the London Tube System in the late 1970s and early 1980s. His art has appeared in cities around the world.[8] Banksy’s work was born out of the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between artists and musicians.

Banksy does not sell photos of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder.[10]

Banksy’s first film, Exit Through The Gift Shop, billed as "the world’s first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.[11] The film was released in the UK on March 5.[12]

Contents

1 Career
•• 1.1 2000
•• 1.2 2002
•• 1.3 2003
•• 1.4 2004
•• 1.5 2005
•• 1.6 2006
•• 1.7 2007
•• 1.8 2008
•• 1.9 2009
•• 1.10 2010
2 Notable art pieces
3 Technique
4 Identity
5 Controversy
6 Bibliography
7 References
8 External links

Career

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol’s DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] He was inspired by local artists and his work was part of the larger Bristol underground scene. From the start he used stencils as elements of his freehand pieces, too.[14] By 2000 he had turned to the art of stencilling after realising how much less time it took to complete a piece. He claims he changed to stencilling whilst he was hiding from the police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] and by employing this technique, he soon became more widely noticed for his art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil on the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment boat in central Bristol – (wider view). The image of Death is based on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy’s stencils feature striking and humorous images occasionally combined with slogans. The message is usually anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Subjects often include rats, monkeys, policemen, soldiers, children, and the elderly.

In late 2001, on a trip to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he met up with the Gen-X pastellist, visual activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay[clarification needed], where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes peg on its nose above a toilet at the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil can no longer be located. He also makes stickers (the Neighbourhood Watch subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and was responsible for the cover art of Blur’s 2003 album Think Tank.

2000

The album cover for Monk & Canatella‘s Do Community Service was conceived and illustrated by Banksy, based on his contribution to the "Walls on fire" event in Bristol 1998.[18][citation needed]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy’s first Los Angeles exhibition debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a small Silverlake venue owned by Frank Sosa. The exhibition, entitled Existencilism, was curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in an exhibition called Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on animals. Although the RSPCA declared the conditions suitable, an animal rights activist chained herself to the railings in protest.[20] He later moved on to producing subverted paintings; one example is Monet‘s Water Lily Pond, adapted to include urban detritus such as litter and a shopping trolley floating in its reflective waters; another is Edward Hopper‘s Nighthawks, redrawn to show that the characters are looking at a British football hooligan, dressed only in his Union Flag underpants, who has just thrown an object through the glass window of the cafe. These oil paintings were shown at a twelve-day exhibition in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a quantity of spoof British £10 notes substituting the picture of the Queen’s head with Princess Diana‘s head and changing the text "Bank of England" to "Banksy of England." Someone threw a large wad of these into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to spend in local shops. These notes were also given with invitations to a Santa’s Ghetto exhibition by Pictures on Walls. The individual notes have since been selling on eBay for about £200 each. A wad of the notes were also thrown over a fence and into the crowd near the NME signing tent at The Reading Festival. A limited run of 50 signed posters containing ten uncut notes were also produced and sold by Pictures on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these sold in October 2007 at Bonhams auction house in London for £24,000.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a trip to the Palestinian territories, created nine images on Israel’s highly controversial West Bank barrier. He reportedly said "The Israeli government is building a wall surrounding the occupied Palestinian territories. It stands three times the height of the Berlin Wall and will eventually run for over 700km—the distance from London to Zurich. "[22]

2006

• Banksy held an exhibition called Barely Legal, billed as a "three day vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, on the weekend of 16 September. The exhibition featured a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
• After Christina Aguilera bought an original of Queen Victoria as a lesbian and two prints for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a set of Kate Moss paintings sold in Sotheby’s London for £50,400, setting an auction record for Banksy’s work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted in the style of Andy Warhol‘s Marilyn Monroe pictures, sold for five times their estimated value. His stencil of a green Mona Lisa with real paint dripping from her eyes sold for £57,600 at the same auction.[25]
• In December, journalist Max Foster coined the phrase, "the Banksy Effect", to illustrate how interest in other street artists was growing on the back of Banksy’s success.[26]

2007

• On 21 February 2007, Sotheby’s auction house in London auctioned three works, reaching the highest ever price for a Banksy work at auction: over £102,000 for his Bombing Middle England. Two of his other graffiti works, Balloon Girl and Bomb Hugger, sold for £37,200 and £31,200 respectively, which were well above their estimated prices.[27] The following day’s auction saw a further three Banksy works reach soaring prices: Ballerina With Action Man Parts reached £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all significantly above estimated values.[28] To coincide with the second day of auctions, Banksy updated his website with a new image of an auction house scene showing people bidding on a picture that said, "I Can’t Believe You Morons Actually Buy This Shit."[6]
• In February 2007, the owners of a house with a Banksy mural on the side in Bristol decided to sell the house through Red Propeller art gallery after offers fell through because the prospective buyers wanted to remove the mural. It is listed as a mural which comes with a house attached.[29]
• In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy’s iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino‘s Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns. Although the image was very popular, Transport for London claimed that the "graffiti" created "a general atmosphere of neglect and social decay which in turn encourages crime" and their staff are "professional cleaners not professional art critics".[30] Banksy tagged the same site again (pictured at right). This time the actors were portrayed as holding real guns instead of bananas, but they were adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this second Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute was for 19-year-old British graffiti artist Ozone, who was hit by an underground train in Barking, East London, along with fellow artist Wants, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece was of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also wrote a note on his website, saying:

The last time I hit this spot I painted a crap picture of two men in banana costumes waving hand guns. A few weeks later a writer called Ozone completely dogged it and then wrote ‘If it’s better next time I’ll leave it’ in the bottom corner. When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone – rest in peace.[citation needed]

Ozone’s Angel

• On 27 April 2007, a new record high for the sale of Banksy’s work was set with the auction of the work Space Girl & Bird fetching £288,000 (US6,000), around 20 times the estimate at Bonhams of London.[32]
• On 21 May 2007 Banksy gained the award for Art’s Greatest living Briton. Banksy, as expected, did not turn up to collect his award, and continued with his notoriously anonymous status.
• On 4 June 2007, it was reported that Banksy’s The Drinker had been stolen.[33][34]
• In October 2007, most of his works offered for sale at Bonhams auction house in London sold for more than twice their reserve price.[35]

• Banksy has published a "manifesto" on his website.[36] The text of the manifesto is credited as the diary entry of one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, which is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum. It describes how a shipment of lipstick to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp immediately after its liberation at the end of World War II helped the internees regain their humanity. However, as of 18 January 2008, Banksy’s Manifesto has been substituted with Graffiti Heroes #03 that describes Peter Chappell’s graffiti quest of the 1970s that worked to free George Davis of his imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he was relying on Emo Phillips’ "When I was a kid I used to pray every night for a new bicycle. Then I realised God doesn’t work that way, so I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
• A small number of Banksy’s works can be seen in the movie Children of Men, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a child looking down a shop.
• In the 2007 film Shoot ‘Em Up starring Clive Owen, Banksy’s tag can be seen on a dumpster in the film’s credits.
• Banksy, who deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, claims that the exhibition at Vanina Holasek Gallery in New York (his first major exhibition in that city) is unauthorised. The exhibition featured 62 of his paintings and prints.[38]

2008

• In March, a stencilled graffiti work appeared on Thames Water tower in the middle of the Holland Park roundabout, and it was widely attributed to Banksy. It was of a child painting the tag "Take this Society" in bright orange. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and ordered its immediate removal, which was carried out by H&F council workmen within three days.[39]
• Over the weekend 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an exhibition called The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel formerly used by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo station. Graffiti artists with stencils were invited to join in and paint their own artwork, as long as it didn’t cover anyone else’s.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, Pure evil, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation needed]
• In late August 2008, marking the third anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and the associated levee failure disaster, Banksy produced a series of works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on buildings derelict since the disaster.[41]
• A stencil painting attributed to Banksy appeared at a vacant petrol station in the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the New Orleans area. The painting depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose was quickly covered with black spray paint and later removed altogether.[42]
• His first official exhibition in New York, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," opened 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets in the store window include a mother hen watching over her baby Chicken McNuggets as they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit putting makeup on in a mirror.[43]
• The Westminster City Council stated in October 2008 that the work "One Nation Under CCTV", painted in April 2008 will be painted over as it is graffiti. The council says it will remove any graffiti, regardless of the reputation of its creator, and specifically stated that Banksy "has no more right to paint graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the chairman of the council planning committee told The Times newspaper: "If we condone this then we might as well say that any kid with a spray can is producing art". [44] The work was painted over in April 2009.
• In December 2008, The Little Diver, a Banksy image of a diver in a duffle coat in Melbourne Australia was vandalised. The image was protected by a sheet of clear perspex, however silver paint was poured behind the protective sheet and later tagged with the words "Banksy woz ere". The image was almost completely destroyed.[45].

2009

• May 2009, parts company with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the handling service who act on his behalf will be the only point of sale for new works.
• On 13 June 2009, the Banksy UK Summer show opened at Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, featuring more than 100 works of art, including animatronics and installations; it is his largest exhibition yet, featuring 78 new works.[47][48] Reaction to the show was positive, with over 8,500 visitors to the show on the first weekend.[49] Over the course of the twelve weeks, the exhibition has been visited over 300,000 times.[50]
• In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family was partially destroyed by Hackney Council after they served an enforcement notice for graffiti removal to the former address of the property owner. The mural had been commissioned for the 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" and the property owner, who had allowed the piece to be painted, was reported to have been in tears when she saw it was being painted over.[51]
• In December 2009, Banksy marked the end of the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference by painting four murals on global warming. One included "I don’t believe in global warming" which was submerged in water.[52]

2010

• The world premiere of the film Exit Through the Gift Shop occurred at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He created 10 street pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie in with the screening.[53]
• In February, The Whitehouse public house in Liverpool, England, is sold for £114,000 at auction.[54] The side of the building has an image of a giant rat by Banksy.[55]
• In April 2010, Melbourne City Council in Australia reported that they had inadvertently ordered private contractors to paint over the last remaining Banksy art in the city. The image was of a rat descending in a parachute adorning the wall of an old council building behind the Forum Theatre. In 2008 Vandals had poured paint over a stencil of an old-fashioned diver wearing a trenchcoat. A council spokeswoman has said they would now rush through retrospective permits to protect other “famous or significant artworks” in the city.[56]
• In April 2010 to coincide with the premier of Exit through the Gift Shop in San Francisco, 5 of his pieces appeared in various parts of the city.[57] Banksy reportedly paid a Chinatown building owner for the use of their wall for one of his stencils.[58]
• In May 2010 to coincide with the release of "Exit Through the Gift Shop" in Chicago, one piece appeared in the city.

Notable art pieces

In addition to his artwork, Banksy has claimed responsibility for a number of high profile art pieces, including the following:

• At London Zoo, he climbed into the penguin enclosure and painted "We’re bored of fish" in seven foot high letters.[59]
• At Bristol Zoo, he left the message ‘I want out. This place is too cold. Keeper smells. Boring, boring, boring.’ in the elephant enclosure.[60]
• In March 2005, he placed subverted artworks in the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, and the American Museum of Natural History in New York.[61]
• He put up a subverted painting in London’s Tate Britain gallery.
• In May 2005 Banksy’s version of a primitive cave painting depicting a human figure hunting wildlife whilst pushing a shopping trolley was hung in gallery 49 of the British Museum, London. Upon discovery, they added it to their permanent collection.[62]

Near Bethlehem – 2005

• Banksy has sprayed "This is not a photo opportunity" on certain photograph spots.
• In August 2005, Banksy painted nine images on the Israeli West Bank barrier, including an image of a ladder going up and over the wall and an image of children digging a hole through the wall.[22][63][64][65]

See also: Other Banksy works on the Israeli West Bank barrier

• In April 2006, Banksy created a sculpture based on a crumpled red phone box with a pickaxe in its side, apparently bleeding, and placed it in a street in Soho, London. It was later removed by Westminster Council. BT released a press release, which said: "This is a stunning visual comment on BT’s transformation from an old-fashioned telecommunications company into a modern communications services provider."[66]
• In June 2006, Banksy created an image of a naked man hanging out of a bedroom window on a wall visible from Park Street in central Bristol. The image sparked some controversy, with the Bristol City Council leaving it up to the public to decide whether it should stay or go.[67] After an internet discussion in which 97% (all but 6 people) supported the stencil, the city council decided it would be left on the building.[67] The mural was later defaced with paint.[67]
• In August/September 2006, Banksy replaced up to 500 copies of Paris Hilton‘s debut CD, Paris, in 48 different UK record stores with his own cover art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Music tracks were given titles such as "Why am I Famous?", "What Have I Done?" and "What Am I For?". Several copies of the CD were purchased by the public before stores were able to remove them, some going on to be sold for as much as £750 on online auction websites such as eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally altered to appear topless. Other pictures feature her with a dog’s head replacing her own, and one of her stepping out of a luxury car, edited to include a group of homeless people, which included the caption "90% of success is just showing up".[68][69][70]
• In September 2006, Banksy dressed an inflatable doll in the manner of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black hood, and handcuffs) and then placed the figure within the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.[71][72]

Technique

Asked about his technique, Banksy said:

“I use whatever it takes. Sometimes that just means drawing a moustache on a girl’s face on some billboard, sometimes that means sweating for days over an intricate drawing. Efficiency is the key.[73]

Stencils are traditionally hand drawn or printed onto sheets of acetate or card, before being cut out by hand. Because of the secretive nature of Banksy’s work and identity, it is uncertain what techniques he uses to generate the images in his stencils, though it is assumed he uses computers for some images due to the photocopy nature of much of his work.

He mentions in his book, Wall and Piece, that as he was starting to do graffiti, he was always too slow and was either caught or could never finish the art in the one sitting. So he devised a series of intricate stencils to minimise time and overlapping of the colour.

Identity

Banksy’s real name has been widely reported to be Robert or Robin Banks.[74][75][76] His year of birth has been given as 1974.[62]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian Unlimited is one of the very few people to have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and British rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year old male who showed up wearing jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver chain, and one silver earring".[77] In the same interview, Banksy revealed that his parents think their son is a painter and decorator.[77]

In May 2007, an extensive article written by Lauren Collins of the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy citing a 2004 photograph of the artist that was taken in Jamaica during the Two-Culture Clash project and later published in the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story on the BBC website featured a photo allegedly taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to show Banksy at work with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The story confirms that Tower Hamlets Council in London has decided to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and remove them.[78]

In July 2008, it was claimed by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy’s real name is Robin Gunningham.[3][79] His agent has refused to confirm or deny these reports.

In May 2009, the Mail on Sunday once again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat holding a sign with the word "Gunningham" shot on it was photographed in East London.[80] This "new Banksy rat" story was also picked up by The Times[81] and the Evening Standard.

Banksy, himself, states on his website:

“I am unable to comment on who may or may not be Banksy, but anyone described as being ‘good at drawing’ doesn’t sound like Banksy to me.[82]

Controversy

In 2004, Banksy walked into the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a picture he had painted resembling the Mona Lisa but with a yellow smiley face. Though the painting was hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its counterpart, temporarily on unknown display at the Tate Britain, were described by Banksy as "shortcuts". He is quoted as saying:

“To actually [have to] go through the process of having a painting selected must be quite boring. It’s a lot more fun to go and put your own one up.[83]

Peter Gibson, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s work is simple vandalism,[84] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same organization, was quoted as saying: "We are concerned that Banksy’s street art glorifies what is essentially vandalism".[6]

In June 2007 Banksy created a circle of plastic portable toilets, said to resemble Stonehenge at the Glastonbury Festival. As this was in the same field as the "sacred circle" it was felt by many to be inappropriate and his installation was itself vandalized before the festival even opened. However, the intention had always been for people to climb on and interact with it.[citation needed] The installation was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn’t fond of it, and the portaloos were removed before the 2008 festival.

In 2010, an artistic feud developed between Banksy and his rival King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece on the banks of London’s Regent Canal. In retaliation several Banksy pieces in London have been painted over by ‘Team Robbo’.[85][86]

Also in 2010, government workers accidentally painted over a Banksy art piece, a famed "parachuting-rat" stencil, in Australia’s Melbourne CBD. [87]

Bibliography

Banksy has self-published several books that contain photographs of his work in various countries as well as some of his canvas work and exhibitions, accompanied by his own writings:

• Banksy, Banging Your Head Against A Brick Wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
• Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
• Banksy, Cut it Out (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
• Banksy, Wall and Piece (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
• Banksy, Pictures of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random House published Wall and Piece in 2005. It contains a combination of images from his three previous books, as well as some new material.[16]

Two books authored by others on his work were published in 2006 & 2007:

• Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: A Collection of Graffiti Locations and Photographs in London (2006 – with new editions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
• Steve Wright, Banksy’s Bristol: Home Sweet Home (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

External links

Official website
Banksy street work photos

Should I pay off my Credit Card or Save? | Paying off Debt vs Saving!

Should I pay off my Credit Card or Save? | Paying off Debt vs Saving!

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Nice Pay Off Credit Card photos

Nice Pay Off Credit Card photos

A few nice pay off credit card images I found:

Banksy in Boston: F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED, Essex St, Chinatown, Boston
pay off credit card
Image by Chris Devers
Interestingly, both of the Boston area Banksy pieces are on Essex St:

F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED (aka chimney sweep) in Chinatown, Boston
NO LOITRIN in Central Square, Cambridge.

Does that mean anything? It looks like he favors Essex named streets & roads when he can. In 2008, he did another notable Essex work in London, for example, and posters on the Banksy Forums picked up & discussed on the Essex link as well.

Is there an Essex Street in any of the other nearby towns? It looks like there are several: Brookline, Charlestown, Chelsea, Gloucester, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynn, Medford, Melrose, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Swampscott, and Waltham. Most of these seem improbable to me, other than maybe Brookline, or maybe Somerville or Charlestown. But they start getting pretty suburban after that.

But, again, why "Essex"? In a comment on this photo, Birbeck helps clarify:

I can only surmise that he’s having a ‘dig’ at Essex UK, especially with the misspelling of ‘Loitering’. Here, the general view of the urban districts in Essex: working class but with right wing views; that they’re not the most intellectual bunch; rather obsessed with fashion (well, their idea of it); their place of worship is the shopping mall; enjoy rowdy nights out; girls are thought of as being dumb, fake blonde hair/tans and promiscuous; and guys are good at the ‘chit chat’, and swagger around showing off their dosh (money).

It was also the region that once had Europe’s largest Ford motor factory. In its heyday, 1 in 3 British cars were made in Dagenham, Essex. Pay was good for such unskilled labour, generations worked mind-numbing routines on assembly lines for 80 years. In 2002 the recession ended the dream.

• • • • •

Meredith Goldsten of the Boston Globe wrote to me on Facebook and asked for permission to run one of my Banksy photos in the newspaper, which I granted. Supposedly, this photo or one of the others I took appeared in the Globe on 15 May 2010, but I haven’t been able to find it. The online version of that day’s article, titled Tag — we’re it: Banksy, the controversial and elusive street artist, left his mark here. Or did he? uses a photo taken by "Essdras M. Suarez / Globe Staff". If I can find a copy of that day’s paper and verify that one of my Banksy photos was in there, I’ll scan the page & post a copy here 🙂

• This photo appeared on Grafitti – A arte das ruas on Yahoo Meme. Yes, Yahoo has a Tumblr/Posterous-esque "Meme" service now — I was as surprised as you are.

• This photo also appeared on Love Your Chaos on Tumblr, among other blogs. Thanks!

• • • • •

Banksy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name
Unknown

Born
1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975), Bristol, UK[1]

Nationality
British

Field
Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture

Movement
Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism

Works
Naked Man Image
One Nation Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone’s Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is believed to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to have been born in 1974,[5] but his identity is unknown.[6] According to Tristan Manco[who?], Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he trained as a butcher but became involved in graffiti during the great Bristol aerosol boom of the late 1980s."[7] His artworks are often satirical pieces of art on topics such as politics, culture, and ethics. His street art, which combines graffiti writing with a distinctive stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris and members of the anarcho-punk band Crass who maintained a graffiti stencil campaign on the London Tube System in the late 1970s and early 1980s. His art has appeared in cities around the world.[8] Banksy’s work was born out of the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between artists and musicians.

Banksy does not sell photos of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder.[10]

Banksy’s first film, Exit Through The Gift Shop, billed as "the world’s first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.[11] The film was released in the UK on March 5.[12]

Contents

1 Career
•• 1.1 2000
•• 1.2 2002
•• 1.3 2003
•• 1.4 2004
•• 1.5 2005
•• 1.6 2006
•• 1.7 2007
•• 1.8 2008
•• 1.9 2009
•• 1.10 2010
2 Notable art pieces
3 Technique
4 Identity
5 Controversy
6 Bibliography
7 References
8 External links

Career

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol’s DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] He was inspired by local artists and his work was part of the larger Bristol underground scene. From the start he used stencils as elements of his freehand pieces, too.[14] By 2000 he had turned to the art of stencilling after realising how much less time it took to complete a piece. He claims he changed to stencilling whilst he was hiding from the police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] and by employing this technique, he soon became more widely noticed for his art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil on the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment boat in central Bristol – (wider view). The image of Death is based on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy’s stencils feature striking and humorous images occasionally combined with slogans. The message is usually anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Subjects often include rats, monkeys, policemen, soldiers, children, and the elderly.

In late 2001, on a trip to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he met up with the Gen-X pastellist, visual activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay[clarification needed], where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes peg on its nose above a toilet at the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil can no longer be located. He also makes stickers (the Neighbourhood Watch subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and was responsible for the cover art of Blur’s 2003 album Think Tank.

2000

The album cover for Monk & Canatella‘s Do Community Service was conceived and illustrated by Banksy, based on his contribution to the "Walls on fire" event in Bristol 1998.[18][citation needed]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy’s first Los Angeles exhibition debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a small Silverlake venue owned by Frank Sosa. The exhibition, entitled Existencilism, was curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in an exhibition called Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on animals. Although the RSPCA declared the conditions suitable, an animal rights activist chained herself to the railings in protest.[20] He later moved on to producing subverted paintings; one example is Monet‘s Water Lily Pond, adapted to include urban detritus such as litter and a shopping trolley floating in its reflective waters; another is Edward Hopper‘s Nighthawks, redrawn to show that the characters are looking at a British football hooligan, dressed only in his Union Flag underpants, who has just thrown an object through the glass window of the cafe. These oil paintings were shown at a twelve-day exhibition in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a quantity of spoof British £10 notes substituting the picture of the Queen’s head with Princess Diana‘s head and changing the text "Bank of England" to "Banksy of England." Someone threw a large wad of these into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to spend in local shops. These notes were also given with invitations to a Santa’s Ghetto exhibition by Pictures on Walls. The individual notes have since been selling on eBay for about £200 each. A wad of the notes were also thrown over a fence and into the crowd near the NME signing tent at The Reading Festival. A limited run of 50 signed posters containing ten uncut notes were also produced and sold by Pictures on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these sold in October 2007 at Bonhams auction house in London for £24,000.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a trip to the Palestinian territories, created nine images on Israel’s highly controversial West Bank barrier. He reportedly said "The Israeli government is building a wall surrounding the occupied Palestinian territories. It stands three times the height of the Berlin Wall and will eventually run for over 700km—the distance from London to Zurich. "[22]

2006

• Banksy held an exhibition called Barely Legal, billed as a "three day vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, on the weekend of 16 September. The exhibition featured a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
• After Christina Aguilera bought an original of Queen Victoria as a lesbian and two prints for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a set of Kate Moss paintings sold in Sotheby’s London for £50,400, setting an auction record for Banksy’s work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted in the style of Andy Warhol‘s Marilyn Monroe pictures, sold for five times their estimated value. His stencil of a green Mona Lisa with real paint dripping from her eyes sold for £57,600 at the same auction.[25]
• In December, journalist Max Foster coined the phrase, "the Banksy Effect", to illustrate how interest in other street artists was growing on the back of Banksy’s success.[26]

2007

• On 21 February 2007, Sotheby’s auction house in London auctioned three works, reaching the highest ever price for a Banksy work at auction: over £102,000 for his Bombing Middle England. Two of his other graffiti works, Balloon Girl and Bomb Hugger, sold for £37,200 and £31,200 respectively, which were well above their estimated prices.[27] The following day’s auction saw a further three Banksy works reach soaring prices: Ballerina With Action Man Parts reached £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all significantly above estimated values.[28] To coincide with the second day of auctions, Banksy updated his website with a new image of an auction house scene showing people bidding on a picture that said, "I Can’t Believe You Morons Actually Buy This Shit."[6]
• In February 2007, the owners of a house with a Banksy mural on the side in Bristol decided to sell the house through Red Propeller art gallery after offers fell through because the prospective buyers wanted to remove the mural. It is listed as a mural which comes with a house attached.[29]
• In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy’s iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino‘s Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns. Although the image was very popular, Transport for London claimed that the "graffiti" created "a general atmosphere of neglect and social decay which in turn encourages crime" and their staff are "professional cleaners not professional art critics".[30] Banksy tagged the same site again (pictured at right). This time the actors were portrayed as holding real guns instead of bananas, but they were adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this second Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute was for 19-year-old British graffiti artist Ozone, who was hit by an underground train in Barking, East London, along with fellow artist Wants, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece was of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also wrote a note on his website, saying:

The last time I hit this spot I painted a crap picture of two men in banana costumes waving hand guns. A few weeks later a writer called Ozone completely dogged it and then wrote ‘If it’s better next time I’ll leave it’ in the bottom corner. When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone – rest in peace.[citation needed]

Ozone’s Angel

• On 27 April 2007, a new record high for the sale of Banksy’s work was set with the auction of the work Space Girl & Bird fetching £288,000 (US6,000), around 20 times the estimate at Bonhams of London.[32]
• On 21 May 2007 Banksy gained the award for Art’s Greatest living Briton. Banksy, as expected, did not turn up to collect his award, and continued with his notoriously anonymous status.
• On 4 June 2007, it was reported that Banksy’s The Drinker had been stolen.[33][34]
• In October 2007, most of his works offered for sale at Bonhams auction house in London sold for more than twice their reserve price.[35]

• Banksy has published a "manifesto" on his website.[36] The text of the manifesto is credited as the diary entry of one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, which is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum. It describes how a shipment of lipstick to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp immediately after its liberation at the end of World War II helped the internees regain their humanity. However, as of 18 January 2008, Banksy’s Manifesto has been substituted with Graffiti Heroes #03 that describes Peter Chappell’s graffiti quest of the 1970s that worked to free George Davis of his imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he was relying on Emo Phillips’ "When I was a kid I used to pray every night for a new bicycle. Then I realised God doesn’t work that way, so I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
• A small number of Banksy’s works can be seen in the movie Children of Men, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a child looking down a shop.
• In the 2007 film Shoot ‘Em Up starring Clive Owen, Banksy’s tag can be seen on a dumpster in the film’s credits.
• Banksy, who deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, claims that the exhibition at Vanina Holasek Gallery in New York (his first major exhibition in that city) is unauthorised. The exhibition featured 62 of his paintings and prints.[38]

2008

• In March, a stencilled graffiti work appeared on Thames Water tower in the middle of the Holland Park roundabout, and it was widely attributed to Banksy. It was of a child painting the tag "Take this Society" in bright orange. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and ordered its immediate removal, which was carried out by H&F council workmen within three days.[39]
• Over the weekend 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an exhibition called The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel formerly used by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo station. Graffiti artists with stencils were invited to join in and paint their own artwork, as long as it didn’t cover anyone else’s.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, Pure evil, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation needed]
• In late August 2008, marking the third anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and the associated levee failure disaster, Banksy produced a series of works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on buildings derelict since the disaster.[41]
• A stencil painting attributed to Banksy appeared at a vacant petrol station in the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the New Orleans area. The painting depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose was quickly covered with black spray paint and later removed altogether.[42]
• His first official exhibition in New York, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," opened 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets in the store window include a mother hen watching over her baby Chicken McNuggets as they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit putting makeup on in a mirror.[43]
• The Westminster City Council stated in October 2008 that the work "One Nation Under CCTV", painted in April 2008 will be painted over as it is graffiti. The council says it will remove any graffiti, regardless of the reputation of its creator, and specifically stated that Banksy "has no more right to paint graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the chairman of the council planning committee told The Times newspaper: "If we condone this then we might as well say that any kid with a spray can is producing art". [44] The work was painted over in April 2009.
• In December 2008, The Little Diver, a Banksy image of a diver in a duffle coat in Melbourne Australia was vandalised. The image was protected by a sheet of clear perspex, however silver paint was poured behind the protective sheet and later tagged with the words "Banksy woz ere". The image was almost completely destroyed.[45].

2009

• May 2009, parts company with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the handling service who act on his behalf will be the only point of sale for new works.
• On 13 June 2009, the Banksy UK Summer show opened at Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, featuring more than 100 works of art, including animatronics and installations; it is his largest exhibition yet, featuring 78 new works.[47][48] Reaction to the show was positive, with over 8,500 visitors to the show on the first weekend.[49] Over the course of the twelve weeks, the exhibition has been visited over 300,000 times.[50]
• In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family was partially destroyed by Hackney Council after they served an enforcement notice for graffiti removal to the former address of the property owner. The mural had been commissioned for the 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" and the property owner, who had allowed the piece to be painted, was reported to have been in tears when she saw it was being painted over.[51]
• In December 2009, Banksy marked the end of the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference by painting four murals on global warming. One included "I don’t believe in global warming" which was submerged in water.[52]

2010

• The world premiere of the film Exit Through the Gift Shop occurred at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He created 10 street pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie in with the screening.[53]
• In February, The Whitehouse public house in Liverpool, England, is sold for £114,000 at auction.[54] The side of the building has an image of a giant rat by Banksy.[55]
• In April 2010, Melbourne City Council in Australia reported that they had inadvertently ordered private contractors to paint over the last remaining Banksy art in the city. The image was of a rat descending in a parachute adorning the wall of an old council building behind the Forum Theatre. In 2008 Vandals had poured paint over a stencil of an old-fashioned diver wearing a trenchcoat. A council spokeswoman has said they would now rush through retrospective permits to protect other “famous or significant artworks” in the city.[56]
• In April 2010 to coincide with the premier of Exit through the Gift Shop in San Francisco, 5 of his pieces appeared in various parts of the city.[57] Banksy reportedly paid a Chinatown building owner for the use of their wall for one of his stencils.[58]
• In May 2010 to coincide with the release of "Exit Through the Gift Shop" in Chicago, one piece appeared in the city.

Notable art pieces

In addition to his artwork, Banksy has claimed responsibility for a number of high profile art pieces, including the following:

• At London Zoo, he climbed into the penguin enclosure and painted "We’re bored of fish" in seven foot high letters.[59]
• At Bristol Zoo, he left the message ‘I want out. This place is too cold. Keeper smells. Boring, boring, boring.’ in the elephant enclosure.[60]
• In March 2005, he placed subverted artworks in the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, and the American Museum of Natural History in New York.[61]
• He put up a subverted painting in London’s Tate Britain gallery.
• In May 2005 Banksy’s version of a primitive cave painting depicting a human figure hunting wildlife whilst pushing a shopping trolley was hung in gallery 49 of the British Museum, London. Upon discovery, they added it to their permanent collection.[62]

Near Bethlehem – 2005

• Banksy has sprayed "This is not a photo opportunity" on certain photograph spots.
• In August 2005, Banksy painted nine images on the Israeli West Bank barrier, including an image of a ladder going up and over the wall and an image of children digging a hole through the wall.[22][63][64][65]

See also: Other Banksy works on the Israeli West Bank barrier

• In April 2006, Banksy created a sculpture based on a crumpled red phone box with a pickaxe in its side, apparently bleeding, and placed it in a street in Soho, London. It was later removed by Westminster Council. BT released a press release, which said: "This is a stunning visual comment on BT’s transformation from an old-fashioned telecommunications company into a modern communications services provider."[66]
• In June 2006, Banksy created an image of a naked man hanging out of a bedroom window on a wall visible from Park Street in central Bristol. The image sparked some controversy, with the Bristol City Council leaving it up to the public to decide whether it should stay or go.[67] After an internet discussion in which 97% (all but 6 people) supported the stencil, the city council decided it would be left on the building.[67] The mural was later defaced with paint.[67]
• In August/September 2006, Banksy replaced up to 500 copies of Paris Hilton‘s debut CD, Paris, in 48 different UK record stores with his own cover art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Music tracks were given titles such as "Why am I Famous?", "What Have I Done?" and "What Am I For?". Several copies of the CD were purchased by the public before stores were able to remove them, some going on to be sold for as much as £750 on online auction websites such as eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally altered to appear topless. Other pictures feature her with a dog’s head replacing her own, and one of her stepping out of a luxury car, edited to include a group of homeless people, which included the caption "90% of success is just showing up".[68][69][70]
• In September 2006, Banksy dressed an inflatable doll in the manner of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black hood, and handcuffs) and then placed the figure within the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.[71][72]

Technique

Asked about his technique, Banksy said:

“I use whatever it takes. Sometimes that just means drawing a moustache on a girl’s face on some billboard, sometimes that means sweating for days over an intricate drawing. Efficiency is the key.[73]

Stencils are traditionally hand drawn or printed onto sheets of acetate or card, before being cut out by hand. Because of the secretive nature of Banksy’s work and identity, it is uncertain what techniques he uses to generate the images in his stencils, though it is assumed he uses computers for some images due to the photocopy nature of much of his work.

He mentions in his book, Wall and Piece, that as he was starting to do graffiti, he was always too slow and was either caught or could never finish the art in the one sitting. So he devised a series of intricate stencils to minimise time and overlapping of the colour.

Identity

Banksy’s real name has been widely reported to be Robert or Robin Banks.[74][75][76] His year of birth has been given as 1974.[62]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian Unlimited is one of the very few people to have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and British rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year old male who showed up wearing jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver chain, and one silver earring".[77] In the same interview, Banksy revealed that his parents think their son is a painter and decorator.[77]

In May 2007, an extensive article written by Lauren Collins of the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy citing a 2004 photograph of the artist that was taken in Jamaica during the Two-Culture Clash project and later published in the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story on the BBC website featured a photo allegedly taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to show Banksy at work with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The story confirms that Tower Hamlets Council in London has decided to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and remove them.[78]

In July 2008, it was claimed by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy’s real name is Robin Gunningham.[3][79] His agent has refused to confirm or deny these reports.

In May 2009, the Mail on Sunday once again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat holding a sign with the word "Gunningham" shot on it was photographed in East London.[80] This "new Banksy rat" story was also picked up by The Times[81] and the Evening Standard.

Banksy, himself, states on his website:

“I am unable to comment on who may or may not be Banksy, but anyone described as being ‘good at drawing’ doesn’t sound like Banksy to me.[82]

Controversy

In 2004, Banksy walked into the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a picture he had painted resembling the Mona Lisa but with a yellow smiley face. Though the painting was hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its counterpart, temporarily on unknown display at the Tate Britain, were described by Banksy as "shortcuts". He is quoted as saying:

“To actually [have to] go through the process of having a painting selected must be quite boring. It’s a lot more fun to go and put your own one up.[83]

Peter Gibson, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s work is simple vandalism,[84] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same organization, was quoted as saying: "We are concerned that Banksy’s street art glorifies what is essentially vandalism".[6]

In June 2007 Banksy created a circle of plastic portable toilets, said to resemble Stonehenge at the Glastonbury Festival. As this was in the same field as the "sacred circle" it was felt by many to be inappropriate and his installation was itself vandalized before the festival even opened. However, the intention had always been for people to climb on and interact with it.[citation needed] The installation was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn’t fond of it, and the portaloos were removed before the 2008 festival.

In 2010, an artistic feud developed between Banksy and his rival King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece on the banks of London’s Regent Canal. In retaliation several Banksy pieces in London have been painted over by ‘Team Robbo’.[85][86]

Also in 2010, government workers accidentally painted over a Banksy art piece, a famed "parachuting-rat" stencil, in Australia’s Melbourne CBD. [87]

Bibliography

Banksy has self-published several books that contain photographs of his work in various countries as well as some of his canvas work and exhibitions, accompanied by his own writings:

• Banksy, Banging Your Head Against A Brick Wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
• Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
• Banksy, Cut it Out (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
• Banksy, Wall and Piece (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
• Banksy, Pictures of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random House published Wall and Piece in 2005. It contains a combination of images from his three previous books, as well as some new material.[16]

Two books authored by others on his work were published in 2006 & 2007:

• Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: A Collection of Graffiti Locations and Photographs in London (2006 – with new editions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
• Steve Wright, Banksy’s Bristol: Home Sweet Home (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

External links

Official website
Banksy street work photos

Banksy in Boston: Overview of the NO LOITRIN piece on Essex St in Central Square, Cambridge
pay off credit card
Image by Chris Devers
Posted via email to ☛ HoloChromaCinePhotoRamaScope‽: cdevers.posterous.com/banksy-no-loitrin.

• • • • • • • • • •

Interestingly, both of the Boston area Banksy pieces are on Essex St:

F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED (aka chimney sweep) in Chinatown, Boston
NO LOITRIN in Central Square, Cambridge.

Does that mean anything? It looks like he favors Essex named streets & roads when he can. In 2008, he did another notable Essex work in London, for example, and posters on the Banksy Forums picked up & discussed on the Essex link as well.

Is there an Essex Street in any of the other nearby towns? It looks like there are several: Brookline, Charlestown, Chelsea, Gloucester, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynn, Medford, Melrose, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Swampscott, and Waltham. Most of these seem improbable to me, other than maybe Brookline, or maybe Somerville or Charlestown. But they start getting pretty suburban after that.

But, again, why "Essex"? In a comment on this photo, Birbeck helps clarify:

I can only surmise that he’s having a ‘dig’ at Essex UK, especially with the misspelling of ‘Loitering’. Here, the general view of the urban districts in Essex: working class but with right wing views; that they’re not the most intellectual bunch; rather obsessed with fashion (well, their idea of it); their place of worship is the shopping mall; enjoy rowdy nights out; girls are thought of as being dumb, fake blonde hair/tans and promiscuous; and guys are good at the ‘chit chat’, and swagger around showing off their dosh (money).

It was also the region that once had Europe’s largest Ford motor factory. In its heyday, 1 in 3 British cars were made in Dagenham, Essex. Pay was good for such unskilled labour, generations worked mind-numbing routines on assembly lines for 80 years. In 2002 the recession ended the dream.

• • • • •

This is a scan of this Banksy photo running in the the Boston Globe on May 13, 2010. This is the first time I’ve made the newspaper with one of my photos 🙂 (The Globe later ran a longer article, titled Tag — we’re it: Banksy, the controversial and elusive street artist, left his mark here. Or did he? with a photo taken by one of their staff photographers, Essdras M. Suarez.

• This photo appeared on Grafitti – A arte das ruas on Yahoo Meme. Yes, Yahoo has a Tumblr/Posterous-esque "Meme" service now — I was as surprised as you are.

• The photo has also appeared, among other places, on CafeBabel, a European online affairs magazine based in Paris.

• • • • •

Banksy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name
Unknown

Born
1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975), Bristol, UK[1]

Nationality
British

Field
Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture

Movement
Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism

Works
Naked Man Image
One Nation Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone’s Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is believed to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to have been born in 1974,[5] but his identity is unknown.[6] According to Tristan Manco[who?], Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he trained as a butcher but became involved in graffiti during the great Bristol aerosol boom of the late 1980s."[7] His artworks are often satirical pieces of art on topics such as politics, culture, and ethics. His street art, which combines graffiti writing with a distinctive stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris and members of the anarcho-punk band Crass who maintained a graffiti stencil campaign on the London Tube System in the late 1970s and early 1980s. His art has appeared in cities around the world.[8] Banksy’s work was born out of the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between artists and musicians.

Banksy does not sell photos of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder.[10]

Banksy’s first film, Exit Through The Gift Shop, billed as "the world’s first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.[11] The film was released in the UK on March 5.[12]

Contents

1 Career
•• 1.1 2000
•• 1.2 2002
•• 1.3 2003
•• 1.4 2004
•• 1.5 2005
•• 1.6 2006
•• 1.7 2007
•• 1.8 2008
•• 1.9 2009
•• 1.10 2010
2 Notable art pieces
3 Technique
4 Identity
5 Controversy
6 Bibliography
7 References
8 External links

Career

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol’s DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] He was inspired by local artists and his work was part of the larger Bristol underground scene. From the start he used stencils as elements of his freehand pieces, too.[14] By 2000 he had turned to the art of stencilling after realising how much less time it took to complete a piece. He claims he changed to stencilling whilst he was hiding from the police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] and by employing this technique, he soon became more widely noticed for his art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil on the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment boat in central Bristol – (wider view). The image of Death is based on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy’s stencils feature striking and humorous images occasionally combined with slogans. The message is usually anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Subjects often include rats, monkeys, policemen, soldiers, children, and the elderly.

In late 2001, on a trip to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he met up with the Gen-X pastellist, visual activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay[clarification needed], where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes peg on its nose above a toilet at the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil can no longer be located. He also makes stickers (the Neighbourhood Watch subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and was responsible for the cover art of Blur’s 2003 album Think Tank.

2000

The album cover for Monk & Canatella‘s Do Community Service was conceived and illustrated by Banksy, based on his contribution to the "Walls on fire" event in Bristol 1998.[18][citation needed]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy’s first Los Angeles exhibition debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a small Silverlake venue owned by Frank Sosa. The exhibition, entitled Existencilism, was curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in an exhibition called Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on animals. Although the RSPCA declared the conditions suitable, an animal rights activist chained herself to the railings in protest.[20] He later moved on to producing subverted paintings; one example is Monet‘s Water Lily Pond, adapted to include urban detritus such as litter and a shopping trolley floating in its reflective waters; another is Edward Hopper‘s Nighthawks, redrawn to show that the characters are looking at a British football hooligan, dressed only in his Union Flag underpants, who has just thrown an object through the glass window of the cafe. These oil paintings were shown at a twelve-day exhibition in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a quantity of spoof British £10 notes substituting the picture of the Queen’s head with Princess Diana‘s head and changing the text "Bank of England" to "Banksy of England." Someone threw a large wad of these into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to spend in local shops. These notes were also given with invitations to a Santa’s Ghetto exhibition by Pictures on Walls. The individual notes have since been selling on eBay for about £200 each. A wad of the notes were also thrown over a fence and into the crowd near the NME signing tent at The Reading Festival. A limited run of 50 signed posters containing ten uncut notes were also produced and sold by Pictures on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these sold in October 2007 at Bonhams auction house in London for £24,000.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a trip to the Palestinian territories, created nine images on Israel’s highly controversial West Bank barrier. He reportedly said "The Israeli government is building a wall surrounding the occupied Palestinian territories. It stands three times the height of the Berlin Wall and will eventually run for over 700km—the distance from London to Zurich. "[22]

2006

• Banksy held an exhibition called Barely Legal, billed as a "three day vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, on the weekend of 16 September. The exhibition featured a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
• After Christina Aguilera bought an original of Queen Victoria as a lesbian and two prints for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a set of Kate Moss paintings sold in Sotheby’s London for £50,400, setting an auction record for Banksy’s work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted in the style of Andy Warhol‘s Marilyn Monroe pictures, sold for five times their estimated value. His stencil of a green Mona Lisa with real paint dripping from her eyes sold for £57,600 at the same auction.[25]
• In December, journalist Max Foster coined the phrase, "the Banksy Effect", to illustrate how interest in other street artists was growing on the back of Banksy’s success.[26]

2007

• On 21 February 2007, Sotheby’s auction house in London auctioned three works, reaching the highest ever price for a Banksy work at auction: over £102,000 for his Bombing Middle England. Two of his other graffiti works, Balloon Girl and Bomb Hugger, sold for £37,200 and £31,200 respectively, which were well above their estimated prices.[27] The following day’s auction saw a further three Banksy works reach soaring prices: Ballerina With Action Man Parts reached £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all significantly above estimated values.[28] To coincide with the second day of auctions, Banksy updated his website with a new image of an auction house scene showing people bidding on a picture that said, "I Can’t Believe You Morons Actually Buy This Shit."[6]
• In February 2007, the owners of a house with a Banksy mural on the side in Bristol decided to sell the house through Red Propeller art gallery after offers fell through because the prospective buyers wanted to remove the mural. It is listed as a mural which comes with a house attached.[29]
• In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy’s iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino‘s Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns. Although the image was very popular, Transport for London claimed that the "graffiti" created "a general atmosphere of neglect and social decay which in turn encourages crime" and their staff are "professional cleaners not professional art critics".[30] Banksy tagged the same site again (pictured at right). This time the actors were portrayed as holding real guns instead of bananas, but they were adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this second Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute was for 19-year-old British graffiti artist Ozone, who was hit by an underground train in Barking, East London, along with fellow artist Wants, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece was of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also wrote a note on his website, saying:

The last time I hit this spot I painted a crap picture of two men in banana costumes waving hand guns. A few weeks later a writer called Ozone completely dogged it and then wrote ‘If it’s better next time I’ll leave it’ in the bottom corner. When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone – rest in peace.[citation needed]

Ozone’s Angel

• On 27 April 2007, a new record high for the sale of Banksy’s work was set with the auction of the work Space Girl & Bird fetching £288,000 (US6,000), around 20 times the estimate at Bonhams of London.[32]
• On 21 May 2007 Banksy gained the award for Art’s Greatest living Briton. Banksy, as expected, did not turn up to collect his award, and continued with his notoriously anonymous status.
• On 4 June 2007, it was reported that Banksy’s The Drinker had been stolen.[33][34]
• In October 2007, most of his works offered for sale at Bonhams auction house in London sold for more than twice their reserve price.[35]

• Banksy has published a "manifesto" on his website.[36] The text of the manifesto is credited as the diary entry of one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, which is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum. It describes how a shipment of lipstick to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp immediately after its liberation at the end of World War II helped the internees regain their humanity. However, as of 18 January 2008, Banksy’s Manifesto has been substituted with Graffiti Heroes #03 that describes Peter Chappell’s graffiti quest of the 1970s that worked to free George Davis of his imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he was relying on Emo Phillips’ "When I was a kid I used to pray every night for a new bicycle. Then I realised God doesn’t work that way, so I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
• A small number of Banksy’s works can be seen in the movie Children of Men, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a child looking down a shop.
• In the 2007 film Shoot ‘Em Up starring Clive Owen, Banksy’s tag can be seen on a dumpster in the film’s credits.
• Banksy, who deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, claims that the exhibition at Vanina Holasek Gallery in New York (his first major exhibition in that city) is unauthorised. The exhibition featured 62 of his paintings and prints.[38]

2008

• In March, a stencilled graffiti work appeared on Thames Water tower in the middle of the Holland Park roundabout, and it was widely attributed to Banksy. It was of a child painting the tag "Take this Society" in bright orange. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and ordered its immediate removal, which was carried out by H&F council workmen within three days.[39]
• Over the weekend 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an exhibition called The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel formerly used by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo station. Graffiti artists with stencils were invited to join in and paint their own artwork, as long as it didn’t cover anyone else’s.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, Pure evil, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation needed]
• In late August 2008, marking the third anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and the associated levee failure disaster, Banksy produced a series of works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on buildings derelict since the disaster.[41]
• A stencil painting attributed to Banksy appeared at a vacant petrol station in the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the New Orleans area. The painting depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose was quickly covered with black spray paint and later removed altogether.[42]
• His first official exhibition in New York, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," opened 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets in the store window include a mother hen watching over her baby Chicken McNuggets as they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit putting makeup on in a mirror.[43]
• The Westminster City Council stated in October 2008 that the work "One Nation Under CCTV", painted in April 2008 will be painted over as it is graffiti. The council says it will remove any graffiti, regardless of the reputation of its creator, and specifically stated that Banksy "has no more right to paint graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the chairman of the council planning committee told The Times newspaper: "If we condone this then we might as well say that any kid with a spray can is producing art". [44] The work was painted over in April 2009.
• In December 2008, The Little Diver, a Banksy image of a diver in a duffle coat in Melbourne Australia was vandalised. The image was protected by a sheet of clear perspex, however silver paint was poured behind the protective sheet and later tagged with the words "Banksy woz ere". The image was almost completely destroyed.[45].

2009

• May 2009, parts company with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the handling service who act on his behalf will be the only point of sale for new works.
• On 13 June 2009, the Banksy UK Summer show opened at Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, featuring more than 100 works of art, including animatronics and installations; it is his largest exhibition yet, featuring 78 new works.[47][48] Reaction to the show was positive, with over 8,500 visitors to the show on the first weekend.[49] Over the course of the twelve weeks, the exhibition has been visited over 300,000 times.[50]
• In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family was partially destroyed by Hackney Council after they served an enforcement notice for graffiti removal to the former address of the property owner. The mural had been commissioned for the 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" and the property owner, who had allowed the piece to be painted, was reported to have been in tears when she saw it was being painted over.[51]
• In December 2009, Banksy marked the end of the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference by painting four murals on global warming. One included "I don’t believe in global warming" which was submerged in water.[52]

2010

• The world premiere of the film Exit Through the Gift Shop occurred at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He created 10 street pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie in with the screening.[53]
• In February, The Whitehouse public house in Liverpool, England, is sold for £114,000 at auction.[54] The side of the building has an image of a giant rat by Banksy.[55]
• In April 2010, Melbourne City Council in Australia reported that they had inadvertently ordered private contractors to paint over the last remaining Banksy art in the city. The image was of a rat descending in a parachute adorning the wall of an old council building behind the Forum Theatre. In 2008 Vandals had poured paint over a stencil of an old-fashioned diver wearing a trenchcoat. A council spokeswoman has said they would now rush through retrospective permits to protect other “famous or significant artworks” in the city.[56]
• In April 2010 to coincide with the premier of Exit through the Gift Shop in San Francisco, 5 of his pieces appeared in various parts of the city.[57] Banksy reportedly paid a Chinatown building owner for the use of their wall for one of his stencils.[58]
• In May 2010 to coincide with the release of "Exit Through the Gift Shop" in Chicago, one piece appeared in the city.

Notable art pieces

In addition to his artwork, Banksy has claimed responsibility for a number of high profile art pieces, including the following:

• At London Zoo, he climbed into the penguin enclosure and painted "We’re bored of fish" in seven foot high letters.[59]
• At Bristol Zoo, he left the message ‘I want out. This place is too cold. Keeper smells. Boring, boring, boring.’ in the elephant enclosure.[60]
• In March 2005, he placed subverted artworks in the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, and the American Museum of Natural History in New York.[61]
• He put up a subverted painting in London’s Tate Britain gallery.
• In May 2005 Banksy’s version of a primitive cave painting depicting a human figure hunting wildlife whilst pushing a shopping trolley was hung in gallery 49 of the British Museum, London. Upon discovery, they added it to their permanent collection.[62]

Near Bethlehem – 2005

• Banksy has sprayed "This is not a photo opportunity" on certain photograph spots.
• In August 2005, Banksy painted nine images on the Israeli West Bank barrier, including an image of a ladder going up and over the wall and an image of children digging a hole through the wall.[22][63][64][65]

See also: Other Banksy works on the Israeli West Bank barrier

• In April 2006, Banksy created a sculpture based on a crumpled red phone box with a pickaxe in its side, apparently bleeding, and placed it in a street in Soho, London. It was later removed by Westminster Council. BT released a press release, which said: "This is a stunning visual comment on BT’s transformation from an old-fashioned telecommunications company into a modern communications services provider."[66]
• In June 2006, Banksy created an image of a naked man hanging out of a bedroom window on a wall visible from Park Street in central Bristol. The image sparked some controversy, with the Bristol City Council leaving it up to the public to decide whether it should stay or go.[67] After an internet discussion in which 97% (all but 6 people) supported the stencil, the city council decided it would be left on the building.[67] The mural was later defaced with paint.[67]
• In August/September 2006, Banksy replaced up to 500 copies of Paris Hilton‘s debut CD, Paris, in 48 different UK record stores with his own cover art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Music tracks were given titles such as "Why am I Famous?", "What Have I Done?" and "What Am I For?". Several copies of the CD were purchased by the public before stores were able to remove them, some going on to be sold for as much as £750 on online auction websites such as eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally altered to appear topless. Other pictures feature her with a dog’s head replacing her own, and one of her stepping out of a luxury car, edited to include a group of homeless people, which included the caption "90% of success is just showing up".[68][69][70]
• In September 2006, Banksy dressed an inflatable doll in the manner of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black hood, and handcuffs) and then placed the figure within the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.[71][72]

Technique

Asked about his technique, Banksy said:

“I use whatever it takes. Sometimes that just means drawing a moustache on a girl’s face on some billboard, sometimes that means sweating for days over an intricate drawing. Efficiency is the key.[73]

Stencils are traditionally hand drawn or printed onto sheets of acetate or card, before being cut out by hand. Because of the secretive nature of Banksy’s work and identity, it is uncertain what techniques he uses to generate the images in his stencils, though it is assumed he uses computers for some images due to the photocopy nature of much of his work.

He mentions in his book, Wall and Piece, that as he was starting to do graffiti, he was always too slow and was either caught or could never finish the art in the one sitting. So he devised a series of intricate stencils to minimise time and overlapping of the colour.

Identity

Banksy’s real name has been widely reported to be Robert or Robin Banks.[74][75][76] His year of birth has been given as 1974.[62]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian Unlimited is one of the very few people to have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and British rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year old male who showed up wearing jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver chain, and one silver earring".[77] In the same interview, Banksy revealed that his parents think their son is a painter and decorator.[77]

In May 2007, an extensive article written by Lauren Collins of the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy citing a 2004 photograph of the artist that was taken in Jamaica during the Two-Culture Clash project and later published in the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story on the BBC website featured a photo allegedly taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to show Banksy at work with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The story confirms that Tower Hamlets Council in London has decided to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and remove them.[78]

In July 2008, it was claimed by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy’s real name is Robin Gunningham.[3][79] His agent has refused to confirm or deny these reports.

In May 2009, the Mail on Sunday once again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat holding a sign with the word "Gunningham" shot on it was photographed in East London.[80] This "new Banksy rat" story was also picked up by The Times[81] and the Evening Standard.

Banksy, himself, states on his website:

“I am unable to comment on who may or may not be Banksy, but anyone described as being ‘good at drawing’ doesn’t sound like Banksy to me.[82]

Controversy

In 2004, Banksy walked into the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a picture he had painted resembling the Mona Lisa but with a yellow smiley face. Though the painting was hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its counterpart, temporarily on unknown display at the Tate Britain, were described by Banksy as "shortcuts". He is quoted as saying:

“To actually [have to] go through the process of having a painting selected must be quite boring. It’s a lot more fun to go and put your own one up.[83]

Peter Gibson, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s work is simple vandalism,[84] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same organization, was quoted as saying: "We are concerned that Banksy’s street art glorifies what is essentially vandalism".[6]

In June 2007 Banksy created a circle of plastic portable toilets, said to resemble Stonehenge at the Glastonbury Festival. As this was in the same field as the "sacred circle" it was felt by many to be inappropriate and his installation was itself vandalized before the festival even opened. However, the intention had always been for people to climb on and interact with it.[citation needed] The installation was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn’t fond of it, and the portaloos were removed before the 2008 festival.

In 2010, an artistic feud developed between Banksy and his rival King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece on the banks of London’s Regent Canal. In retaliation several Banksy pieces in London have been painted over by ‘Team Robbo’.[85][86]

Also in 2010, government workers accidentally painted over a Banksy art piece, a famed "parachuting-rat" stencil, in Australia’s Melbourne CBD. [87]

Bibliography

Banksy has self-published several books that contain photographs of his work in various countries as well as some of his canvas work and exhibitions, accompanied by his own writings:

• Banksy, Banging Your Head Against A Brick Wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
• Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
• Banksy, Cut it Out (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
• Banksy, Wall and Piece (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
• Banksy, Pictures of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random House published Wall and Piece in 2005. It contains a combination of images from his three previous books, as well as some new material.[16]

Two books authored by others on his work were published in 2006 & 2007:

• Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: A Collection of Graffiti Locations and Photographs in London (2006 – with new editions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
• Steve Wright, Banksy’s Bristol: Home Sweet Home (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

External links

Official website
Banksy street work photos

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Flamingo Towels we purchased for camping within Avalon
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Image by Counselman Collection
It really is amazing just how spoiled we have a tendency to get being accustomed to having great solutions when traveling, however when some one advertises a nice organization, and when you arrive it turns into being a dump, often it takes just a little extra work to tolerate it. Gonna our spring circuit construction this thirty days was an adventure since all of the rooms in hotels nearby had been scheduled for a large basketball game additionally the only thing we’re able to discover had been the Avalon in Jackson, Michigan. This resort ended up being originally an old getaway Inn but was marketed as being totally renovated and new, so we bit since anything else had been full, and so they revealed great photos when you look at the advertising. We had made reservations, requesting six areas, for the full week-end, and then we wanted them adjoining areas and so the children could sleep in the adjoining areas using their moms and dads close-by. Since we were paying for all the family we checked in and waited the kiddies to arrive. When the young ones got there about one hour later, we discovered just one group of rooms had been actually adjoining. Whenever we told them we only desired five regarding the rooms after that as the areas were not adjoining because they were said to be, the second change lady Sandy would not give us a refund for turning in this one additional area because we didn’t complain within quarter-hour of arrival. We shared with her the youngsters only got there and do not want to keep their children in a-room maybe not joined up with with their area, but she was therefore mean and persistent. This can be an overall total rip-off joint from photos on their web-site. The rooms had been filled with smoke odor even though they have been marked non-smoking, the TV’s had been all snowy, you need to require these dinky towels to have any towels for your room, the safety lock had been broken off our home, and I cannot think just how run-down it had been. Almost every other door around our space had tape marked DNR pasted from the door, which probably suggested ‘do perhaps not rent’, but we figured it meant cannot resuscitate, plus they were looking forward to the coroner. This turned out to be probably one of the most adventurous camping trips we’d been on in years. We also had welcomed a sister from our congregation with her two girls to remain with your group, and we also were therefore embarrassed. My just recourse would be to put the bank card altogether written legal dispute until we realize it was adjusted precisely. Since we’d a difficult enough time just submiting this one space in, that also had many horrid mildew smell inside, we figured we were trapped. If you prefer a fantastic camping adventure, check this destination out. We just decided to make the best from it, headed for shop, and purchased towels, toilet paper, Lysol wipes, and other misc camping gear. Just be cautious about that grouchy lady called Sandy on second move work desk; i must say i have a pity party for her, a-quarter would buy this lady a better character as compared to one she has. Since the cops arrived to provide a warrant on a single of their regular guests although we are there, we only figured she was always becoming a tough bouncer. While we have there been I witnessed a few families go out outraged saying they were perhaps not heading back, nevertheless could tell they heard this so much on desk, they might simply apathetically say, oh well. It is not the initial inside camping travel we’ve been stuck in, but we simply desired to alert everyone else so that you never make the exact same mistake as we performed as of this destination. Whatever you may do is; the best you can, then laugh it well. Since we’d going purchase our personal towels, we figured we may aswell laugh it all down by purchasing flamingo towels for everyone. Whenever life hands you lemons, we just make lemonade. Psalm 68:19 Everything had been worthwhile to go to the meeting.

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Banksy in Boston: Portrait from the F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED piece in framework on Essex St, Chinatown, Boston
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Picture by Chris Devers
Interestingly, each of the Boston location Banksy pieces are on Essex St:

F̶O̶L̶L̶O̶W̶ ̶Y̶O̶U̶R̶ ̶D̶R̶E̶A̶M̶S̶ CANCELLED (aka chimney brush) in Chinatown, Boston
NO LOITRIN in Central Square, Cambridge.

Does which means that everything? It appears to be like he favors Essex known as roads & roads when he can. In 2008, he performed another significant Essex operate in London, as an example, and posters on Banksy Forums picked up & talked about from the Essex website link and.

Can there be an Essex Street in virtually any of various other nearby cities? It appears to be like there are many: Brookline, Charlestown, Chelsea, Gloucester, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynn, Medford, Melrose, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Swampscott, and Waltham. These seem improbable in my opinion, except that perhaps Brookline, or possibly Somerville or Charlestown. Nevertheless they begin getting pretty residential district afterwards.

But, again, the reason why "Essex"? In a comment72157624085782412″>comment on this photo, Birbeck helps explain:

I can just surmise he’s having a ‘dig’ at Essex UK, particularly because of the misspelling of ‘Loitering’. Here, the overall view of urban districts in Essex: working class but with right wing views; they are maybe not more intellectual bunch; instead obsessed with fashion (well, their notion of it); their place of worship may be the retail complex; enjoy rowdy nights out; girls are thought of to be foolish, phony blonde hair/tans and promiscuous; and men are great at the ‘chit chat’, and swagger around showing off their particular dosh (money).

It was also the region that once had European countries’s largest Ford motor factory. With its heyday, 1 in 3 British vehicles had been manufactured in Dagenham, Essex. Pay had been advantageous to such unskilled labour, generations worked mind-numbing routines on system lines for 80 many years. In 2002 the recession finished the fantasy.

• • • • •

This photo showed up on Grafitti – A arte das ruas on Yahoo Meme. Yes, Yahoo has actually a Tumblr/Posterous-esque "Meme" service today — I became since amazed while.

• • • • •

Banksy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name
Unknown

Born
1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975), Bristol, UK[1]

Nationality
British

Field
Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture

Movement
Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism

Works
Nude Guy Picture
One Country Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone’s Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is considered to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to are produced in 1974,[5] but their identification is as yet not known.[6] According to Tristan Manco[who?], Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, The united kingdomt. The son of a photocopier professional, he taught as a butcher but became involved in graffiti throughout the great Bristol aerosol growth of the late 1980s."[7] their artworks in many cases are satirical works of art on topics such politics, culture, and ethics. His street art, which integrates graffiti composing with a unique stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, just who begun to utilize stencils in 1981 in Paris and people in the anarcho-punk band Crass who maintained a graffiti stencil promotion from the London Tube program inside belated 1970s and early 1980s. Their art features appeared in metropolitan areas all over the world.[8] Banksy’s work came to be from the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between performers and artists.

Banksy doesn’t sell pictures of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers have now been known to try to sell their street art on area and leave the problem of its treatment in the possession of associated with winning bidder.[10]

Banksy’s very first film, Exit through present Shop, billed as "the planet’s very first street art catastrophe movie", made its first at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.[11] The film premiered in britain on March 5.[12]

Items

1 Career
•• 1.1 2000
•• 1.2 2002
•• 1.3 2003
•• 1.4 2004
•• 1.5 2005
•• 1.6 2006
•• 1.7 2007
•• 1.8 2008
•• 1.9 2009
•• 1.10 2010
2 Notable art pieces
3 Technique
4 Identity
5 Controversy
6 Bibliography
7 References
8 External backlinks

Profession

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti singer 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol’s DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] He was inspired by regional artists along with his work ended up being area of the bigger Bristol underground scene. From the start he utilized stencils as elements of their freehand pieces, also.[14] By 2000 he previously considered the art of stencilling after realising just how much a shorter time it took to complete an item. He promises he changed to stencilling whilst he had been concealing through the police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] and also by employing this system, he soon became more extensively seen for his art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil regarding the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment watercraft in main Bristol – (wider view). The picture of Death is founded on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy’s stencils function striking and entertaining photos periodically along with slogans. The message is normally anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Subjects often include rats, monkeys, policemen, troops, kiddies, while the senior.

In belated 2001, on a holiday to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he came across up with the Gen-X pastellist, aesthetic activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay[clarification needed], where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes peg on its nose above a toilet in the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil cannot be located. He also tends to make stickers (the Neighbourhood Check out subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and ended up being accountable for the address art of Blur’s 2003 record album Think Tank.

2000

The record album address for Monk & Canatella‘s Do Community Service ended up being conceived and illustrated by Banksy, centered on their contribution on "Walls on fire" occasion in Bristol 1998.[18][citation required]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy’s first la event debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a tiny Silverlake site owned by Frank Sosa. The event, entitled Existencilism, had been curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in a convention called Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on creatures. Even though the RSPCA declared the problems suitable, an animal liberties activist chained by herself into railings in protest.[20] He later on shifted to creating subverted paintings; an example is Monet‘s Water Lily Pond, modified to incorporate metropolitan detritus such as for example litter and a shopping trolley drifting in its reflective oceans; another is Edward Hopper‘s Nighthawks, redrawn to demonstrate that the figures are looking at a British football hooligan, clothed only inside the Union Flag underpants, who’s just tossed an object through the cup window of the cafe. These oil paintings were shown at a twelve-day convention in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a quantity of spoof Brit £10 records substituting the picture of the Queen’s head with Princess Diana‘s head and switching the writing "Bank of England" to "Banksy of The united kingdomt." Some one threw a large wad among these into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to invest in local stores. These notes were also provided with invites to a Santa’s Ghetto exhibition by photographs on Walls. The individual records have since been offering on eBay for around £200 each. A wad associated with records were in addition tossed over a fence and to the crowd close to the NME signing tent in the studying Festival. A small run of 50 finalized posters containing ten uncut records were also produced and sold by photos on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these sold in October 2007 at Bonhams auction home in London for £24,000.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a journey into Palestinian territories, created nine images on Israel’s extremely questionable West Bank buffer. He reportedly stated "The Israeli federal government is creating a wall surrounding the occupied Palestinian territories. It stands three times the height of the Berlin Wall and will eventually operate for over 700km—the length from London to Zurich. "[22]

2006

• Banksy held a convention known as Barely Legal, billed as a "three time vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, regarding week-end of 16 September. The event showcased a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
• After Christina Aguilera purchased a genuine of Queen Victoria as a lesbian as well as 2 prints for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a couple of Kate Moss paintings offered in Sotheby’s London for £50,400, setting an auction record for Banksy’s work. The six silk-screen images, featuring the model painted in style of Andy Warhol‘s Marilyn Monroe photos, offered for five times their particular projected worth. Their stencil of a green Mona Lisa with real paint leaking from her eyes sold for £57,600 on same auction.[25]
• In December, reporter Max Foster coined the expression, "the Banksy Effect", to illustrate how fascination with other street designers was developing regarding the straight back of Banksy’s success.[26]

2007

• On 21 February 2007, Sotheby’s auction house in London auctioned three works, achieving the highest ever cost for a Banksy work at auction: over £102,000 for their Bombing Middle England. Two of his various other graffiti works, Balloon Girl and Bomb Hugger, marketed for £37,200 and £31,200 respectively, of really above their estimated prices.[27] The following time’s auction saw another three Banksy works reach soaring rates: Ballerina With Action Man areas achieved £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all dramatically above projected values.[28] To coincide using 2nd day of deals, Banksy updated his internet site with a brand new image of an auction home scene showing folks bidding on a photo having said that, "i can not think You Morons purchase This Shit."[6]
• In February 2007, the owners of a property with a Banksy mural privately in Bristol made a decision to sell the house through Red Propeller memorial after provides fell through due to the fact potential purchasers wanted to remove the mural. It really is detailed as a mural which comes with a home affixed.[29]
• In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy’s iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino‘s Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas in the place of firearms. Even though image was extremely popular, Transport for London advertised your "graffiti" produced "a basic environment of neglect and social decay which often encourages crime" and their employees tend to be "professional cleaners perhaps not professional art critics".[30] Banksy tagged exactly the same website again (pictured at right). This time around the actors had been portrayed as holding genuine weapons rather than bananas, nonetheless they had been adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this 2nd Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute ended up being for 19-year-old Brit graffiti singer Ozone, who was struck by an underground train in Barking, East London, with fellow singer Wants, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece ended up being of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also published an email on their site, saying:

The final time I hit this place we painted a crap image of two males in banana costumes waving hand guns. 2-3 weeks later on a copywriter called Ozone entirely dogged it then wrote ‘whether it’s better next time I’ll keep it’ within the bottom place. When we lost Ozone we destroyed a fearless graffiti author and also as as it happens a fairly perceptive art critic. Ozone – sleep in comfort.[citation required]

Ozone’s Angel

• On 27 April 2007, a new record extreme for purchase of Banksy’s work ended up being set with all the auction associated with the work Space woman & Bird fetching £288,000 (US6,000), around 20 times the estimate at Bonhams of London.[32]
• On 21 might 2007 Banksy attained the prize for Art’s Greatest residing Briton. Banksy, not surprisingly, did not turn up to gather his honor, and continued together with infamously anonymous standing.
• On 4 June 2007, it absolutely was stated that Banksy’s The Drinker was in fact taken.[33][34]
• In October 2007, the majority of their works supplied for sale at Bonhams auction house in London marketed for over twice their book cost.[35]

• Banksy has published a "manifesto" on his internet site.[36] The text of manifesto is credited once the diary entry of just one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, which can be exhibited inside Imperial War Museum. It defines just how a shipment of lipstick towards Bergen-Belsen concentration camp immediately after its liberation after World War II aided the internees regain their humanity. But at the time of 18 January 2008, Banksy’s Manifesto happens to be replaced with Graffiti Heroes #03 that describes Peter Chappell’s graffiti quest for the 1970s that worked to release George Davis of their imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he was depending on Emo Phillips’ "When I ended up being a kid I accustomed pray every evening for a bike. I quickly realised Jesus does not work by doing this, therefore I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
• a small amount of Banksy’s works is seen in film Children of males, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a young child searching down a shop.
• in 2007 movie Shoot ‘Em Up starring Clive Owen, Banksy’s tag is visible on a dumpster in movie’s credits.
• Banksy, who deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, promises the event at Vanina Holasek Gallery in ny (their first significant exhibition in that town) is unauthorised. The exhibition featured 62 of their paintings and images.[38]

2008

• In March, a stencilled graffiti work appeared on Thames liquid tower in the center of the Holland Park roundabout, also it ended up being widely related to Banksy. It absolutely was of a kid painting the tag "just take this Society" in bright tangerine. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and purchased its instant treatment, that has been completed by H&F council workmen within 3 days.[39]
• on the week-end 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an event known as The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel formerly utilized by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo place. Graffiti musicians with stencils had been invited to join in and paint unique artwork, provided that it did not cover anyone else’s.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, natural bad, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation required]
• In belated August 2008, marking the third anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and associated levee failure disaster, Banksy produced a number of works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on buildings derelict because the tragedy.[41]
• A stencil painting caused by Banksy showed up at a vacant petrol place into the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the brand new Orleans area. The artwork depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose had been quickly covered with black spray paint and soon after eliminated completely.[42]
• His very first official event in ny, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," established 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets in the shop screen include a mother hen watching over the woman baby Chicken McNuggets while they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit putting makeup on in a mirror.[43]
• The Westminster City Council claimed in October 2008 that the work "One Nation Under CCTV", coated in April 2008 is coated over as it is graffiti. The council says it’ll eliminate any graffiti, regardless of reputation of its creator, and especially stated that Banksy "has no longer to paint graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the president of this council planning committee told The days newsprint: "If we condone this after that we may besides state that any child with a spray can is making art". [44] the job was painted over in April 2009.
• In December 2008, the tiny Diver, a Banksy picture of a diver in a duffle coating in Melbourne Australian Continent ended up being vandalised. The image was protected by a sheet of clear perspex, nevertheless silver paint was poured behind the defensive sheet and later tagged with the terms "Banksy woz ere". The picture had been virtually entirely destroyed.[45].

2009

• May 2009, parts company with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the management service just who behave on their behalf would be the only point of sale for new works.
• On 13 June 2009, the Banksy British Summer show opened at Bristol City Museum and memorial, featuring significantly more than 100 works of art, including animatronics and installments; its their largest event yet, featuring 78 brand-new works.[47][48] Reaction to the show had been good, with more than 8,500 people to the show regarding very first weekend.[49] Over the course of the twelve days, the convention has been seen over 300,000 times.[50]
• In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family had been partly destroyed by Hackney Council when they served an administration notice for graffiti reduction to the previous target of the property owner. The mural had been commissioned when it comes to 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" plus the house owner, who had permitted the piece is painted, ended up being reported to own experienced rips when she saw it was becoming coated over.[51]
• In December 2009, Banksy noted the termination of the 2009 us Climate Change Conference by painting four murals on global warming. One included "I do not trust international warming" that has been submerged in liquid.[52]

2010

• The world premiere associated with the film Exit through Gift store occurred during the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He created 10 street pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie-in with all the testing.[53]
• In February, The Whitehouse public home in Liverpool, England, comes for £114,000 at auction.[54] The side associated with the building has actually an image of a huge rat by Banksy.[55]
• In April 2010, Melbourne City Council in Australian Continent reported that they’d accidentally bought private technicians to color over the last staying Banksy art when you look at the town. The picture was of a rat descending in a parachute adorning the wall of an old council building behind the Forum Theatre. In 2008 Vandals had poured paint over a stencil of an old-fashioned diver using a trenchcoat. A council spokeswoman states they’d today hurry through retrospective permits to protect various other “famous or considerable artworks” into the city.[56]
• In April 2010 to coincide aided by the premier of Exit through the Gift Shop in San Francisco, 5 of their pieces starred in parts of this town.[57] Banksy apparently paid a Chinatown building owner for utilization of their particular wall for one of his stencils.[58]
• In May 2010 to coincide using launch of "Exit through Gift Shop" in Chicago, one-piece appeared in the town.

Notable art pieces

And their artwork, Banksy features claimed obligation for a number of visible art pieces, like the following:

• At London Zoo, he climbed to the penguin enclosure and painted "We’re annoyed of fish" in seven foot large letters.[59]
• At Bristol Zoo, he left the message ‘Needs on. This spot is simply too cold. Keeper smells. Boring, boring, boring.’ in the elephant enclosure.[60]
• In March 2005, he placed subverted artworks within the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, and American Museum of Natural background in ny.[61]
• He put up a subverted painting in London’s Tate Britain gallery.
• In May 2005 Banksy’s form of a primitive cave artwork depicting a human figure shopping wildlife whilst pushing a shopping trolley was hung in gallery 49 for the British Museum, London. Upon discovery, they included it for their permanent collection.[62]

Near Bethlehem – 2005

• Banksy features sprayed "This is not an image opportunity" on certain photograph spots.
• In August 2005, Banksy painted nine photos on Israeli West Bank buffer, including a picture of a ladder rising and within the wall surface and an image of kids digging a hole through the wall surface.[22][63][64][65]

See in addition: Other Banksy deals with the Israeli western Bank barrier

• In April 2006, Banksy created a sculpture based on a crumpled purple phone field with a pickaxe in its part, obviously hemorrhaging, and placed it in a street in Soho, London. it absolutely was later on removed by Westminster Council. BT introduced a press release, which said: "This is a sensational aesthetic comment on BT’s transformation from an old-fashioned telecommunications company into today’s communications solutions provider."[66]
• In June 2006, Banksy developed a graphic of a nude man chilling out of a room screen on a wall surface noticeable from Park Street in central Bristol. The picture sparked some debate, because of the Bristol City Council leaving it towards the general public to choose whether or not it should stay or go.[67] After an internet conversation in which 97% (all but 6 folks) supported the stencil, the town council decided it could be remaining on building.[67] The mural had been later defaced with paint.[67]
• In August/September 2006, Banksy changed to 500 copies of Paris Hilton‘s debut CD, Paris, in 48 different British record stores together with own address art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Music tracks were given games such as for example "the reason why was we known?", "exactly what Have I Done?" and "exactly what Am I For?". A few copies of the CD had been bought because of the public before shops were able to take them of, some happening is offered for around £750 on on the web auction internet sites including eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally modified to look topless. Various other pictures function the girl with your dog’s head replacing her very own, and one of her stepping-out of an extra automobile, modified to add a group of homeless folks, including the caption "90% of success is simply showing up".[68][69][70]
• In September 2006, Banksy dressed an expansive doll in the manner of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black colored hood, and handcuffs) after which placed the figure within the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad trip at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.[71][72]

Method

Asked about their technique, Banksy stated:

“i personally use whatever needs doing. Often that simply implies attracting a moustache on a girl’s face on some billboard, often this means perspiring for days over an intricate design. Performance is key.[73]

Stencils tend to be usually hand attracted or printed onto sheets of acetate or card, before becoming cut right out by hand. Because of the secretive nature of Banksy’s work and identification, its unsure what techniques he makes use of to come up with the photos inside the stencils, though it is assumed he makes use of computers for a few pictures as a result of the photocopy nature of a lot of his work.

He mentions in his guide, Wall and Piece, that as he ended up being needs to do graffiti, he was always also slow and had been both caught or could never ever finish the art in the one sitting. So he devised a series of complex stencils to reduce some time overlapping associated with colour.

Identity

Banksy’s real name happens to be commonly reported to-be Robert or Robin Banks.[74][75][76] His 12 months of birth happens to be given as 1974.[62]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian Unlimited is one of the hardly any individuals have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and Brit rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year-old male just who showed up putting on jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver sequence, plus one gold earring".[77] in identical meeting, Banksy revealed that their parents think their child is a painter and decorator.[77]

In May 2007, a thorough article published by Lauren Collins for the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy mentioning a 2004 photograph regarding the musician that has been taken in Jamaica during Two-Culture Clash project and later published within the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story regarding the BBC website showcased an image presumably taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to show Banksy at work with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The storyline confirms that Tower Hamlets Council in London features chose to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and remove all of them.[78]

In July 2008, it was reported by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy’s real name’s Robin Gunningham.[3][79] their broker features rejected to ensure or reject these reports.

In-may 2009, the Mail on Sunday yet again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat keeping a sign because of the word "Gunningham" shot on it ended up being photographed in East London.[80] This "new Banksy rat" story was also picked up by The Times[81] together with Evening Standard.

Banksy, himself, states on his web site:

“Im incapable of discuss which may or may possibly not be Banksy, but any person called being ‘good at attracting’ does not seem like Banksy if you ask me.[82]

Debate

In 2004, Banksy moved into the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a picture he had painted resembling the Mona Lisa however with a yellow smiley face. Although painting had been hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its own equivalent, briefly on as yet not known display during the Tate Britain, were described by Banksy as "shortcuts". He’s quoted as saying:

“To actually [have to] go through the process of having a painting chosen should be very boring. It is much more fun going and put your personal one-up.[83]

Peter Gibson, a representative for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s tasks are quick vandalism,[84] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for similar organization, ended up being quoted as saying: "Our company is worried that Banksy’s road art glorifies what is essentially vandalism".[6]

In Summer 2007 Banksy developed a group of plastic transportable toilets, said to resemble Stonehenge within Glastonbury Festival. As this was at exactly the same industry whilst the "sacred circle" it absolutely was believed by many to-be improper along with his set up was it self vandalized prior to the festival even exposed. However, the objective had always been for individuals to climb on and communicate with it.[citation required] The set up was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn’t fond of it, in addition to portaloos were removed ahead of the 2008 event.

This season, an imaginative feud created between Banksy along with his competing King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece regarding the financial institutions of London’s Regent Canal. In retaliation a number of Banksy pieces in London being coated over by ‘Team Robbo’.[85][86]

Additionally this year, federal government employees unintentionally coated over a Banksy art piece, a famed "parachuting-rat" stencil, in Australian Continent’s Melbourne CBD. [87]

Bibliography

Banksy has self-published several books which contain pictures of his work with various countries and a number of their fabric work and events, accompanied by their own writings:

• Banksy, Banging Your Head Against a solid wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
• Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
• Banksy, Cut it (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
• Banksy, Wall and Piece (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
• Banksy, photographs of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random home published Wall and Piece in 2005. It has a mixture of images from their three previous books, along with some new product.[16]

Two books written by other individuals on his work were published in 2006 & 2007:

• Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: an accumulation of Graffiti stores and Photographs in London (2006 – with brand-new editions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
• Steve Wright, Banksy’s Bristol: Home nice Residence (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

External backlinks

Official web site
Banksy road work photographs

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